Ukraine

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
There are two risk issues in Ukraine.

First: arms fire. Including MH17, multiple aircraft (the others all military) have been shot down since the beginning of the Donbass region war in 2014. Multiple ceasefires have been declared and violated. This risk is contained within the Dnipropetrovsk FIR – UKDV.

The second issue affects the Simferopol FIR which is Disputed Airspace. (Ukraine:UKFV, Russia:URFV). In March 2014, Russia annexed Crimea. The ATC Center is in Simferopol, Crimea, and is now run by Russia. Russia claims the airspace. Ukraine refuses to recognise the change, and asks crews to talk to Ukrainian controllers in Dnipro/Odesa ACC instead of Simferopol ACC. As the FAA point out, the risk here stems from aircraft “receiving confusing and conflicting air traffic control instructions from both Ukrainian and Russian ATC” when operating over the region.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Ukraine Notam A0920/19 25 Apr 2019 Ongoing
Russia Notam A0937/19 26 Feb 2019 22 May 2019
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
USA SFAR 113 19 Oct 2018 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0021/18 19 Oct 2018 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 13 Oct 2017 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 20 Feb 2015 Ongoing
Source: Ukraine
Reference: Notam A0920/19
Issued: 25-Apr-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Ukraine asks aircraft within Dnipro, Odesa, and Simferopol FIRs to only speak to Ukrainian ATC - callsigns Dnipro Radar and Odesa Radar. (Comment: for Simferopol, Russia says only talk to Russian ATC - hence the problem)
A0920/19 (Issued for UKDV UKFV UKOV)
ALL AIRCRAFT CREWS PERFORMING FLIGHTS WITHIN SIMFEROPOL FIR AND UTA DNIPRO-SOUTH / UTA ODESA-SOUTH SHALL ONLY COMPLY WITH ATC CLEARANCES AND INSTRUCTIONS ISSUED BY DNIPRO ACC (CALL SIGN DNIPRO RADAR) OR ODESA ACC (CALL SIGN ODESA RADAR). AIRCRAFT CREWS SHALL NOT COMPLY WITH INSTRUCTIONS FROM ANY STATION USING OTHER CALL SIGN WHILE FLYING WITHIN SIMFEROPOL FIR OR UTA DNIPRO-SOUTH AND UTA ODESA-SOUTH. ALL AIRCRAFT CREWS SHALL AS SOON AS POSSIBLE INFORM ODESA RADAR OR DNIPRO RADAR ABOUT ANY INSTRUCTIONS OR INFORMATION THAT THEY MIGHT HAVE RECEIVED FROM ANY STATION USING OTHER CALL SIGN FOR THE SAME AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY. REF AIC A 02/18.
26 APR 00:00 2019 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 25 APR 16:50 2019
Source: Russia
Reference: Notam A0937/19
Issued: 26-Feb-19, valid until: 22 May 2019
Plain English: Russia declares iteself as the valid source of information for Simferopol FIR.
A0937/19 (Issued by URFV)
ALL NOTAM IN ALL SERIES CONCERNING SIMFEROPOL FIR, AERODROMES AND RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS LOCATED IN THE TERRAIN OF THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA ISSUED BY UKRAINE ARE NOT VALID. ATS WI SIMFEROPOL FIR BDRY PROVIDED IN ACCORDANCE WITH AIP RUSSIA. ALL RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS ARE AVBL AND PROVIDE ATS WI SIMFEROPOL FIR BDRY AND AT SIMFEROPOL AD.
26 FEB 13:40 2019 UNTIL 22 MAY 23:59 2019 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 26 FEB 13:51 2019
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights of the UKFV and UKDV FIRs in the east of the country should only be on four airways: M854, M856, M860 and L851.
From 07/01/2016 and until further notice, French carriers are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into UKDV (DNIPROPETROVS’K) and UKFV (SIMFEROPOL) FIRs, except for routes segments M860 KUGOS - DIGAM, L851 KUGOS - ADINA, M854 SUMOL - RASIL, M856 RAKUR - DIGAM, which are available for flight planning according to conditions published in Ukraine aeronautical information, and for which it is advisable to refer to the most current recommendations published by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 113
Issued: 19-Oct-18, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are now allowed to operate on airways M856, M854, M860, and L851 over the Black Sea, and to three Ukrainian airports: UKHH/Kharkiv, UKDD/Dnipropetrovsk and UKDE/Zaporizhzhia.
This action extends, with modifications to reflect changed conditions in specified areas of Ukraine, the Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) prohibiting certain flight operations in the Simferopol Flight Information Region (FIR) (UKFV) and Dnipropetrovsk Flight Information Region (FIR) (UKDV) by all: U.S. air carriers; U.S. commercial operators; persons exercising the privileges of an airman certificate issued by the FAA, except when such persons are operating U.S.-registered aircraft for a foreign air carrier; and operators of U.S.-registered civil aircraft, except where the operator of such aircraft is a foreign air carrier. This action extends the prohibition in specified areas of Ukraine to safeguard against continuing hazards to U.S. civil aviation. However, this action also reduces the scope of the prohibition against flights in the Simferopol FIR (UKFV) and Dnipropetrovsk FIR (UKDV) permitting U.S. civil operations to resume in specified areas due to the stabilization of safety and security conditions in the relevant regions of Ukraine.
Source: USA
Issued: 19-Oct-18, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: This is just a pointer Notam, directing people to read the SFAR which contains complete information about the US restrictions on Ukraine airspace.
A0021/18
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FLIGHT PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE SIMFEROPOL (UKFV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) AND DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FIR

14 CFR 91.1607 SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 113 PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE SIMFEROPOL (UKFV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) AND DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FIR WAS PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER ON 19 OCT 2018 AND WAS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY.

SFC - UNL, 19 OCT 11:27 2018 UNTIL 27 OCT 23:59 2020. CREATED: 19 OCT 11:42 2018
Source: UK
Issued: 13-Oct-17, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should not enter UKDV/Dnipro or UKFV/Simferopol FIRs with the exception of airways L851, M856, M860, and M854.
Hazardous Situation in Ukraine

Potential risk to aviation overflying eastern Ukraine from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised not to enter the Dnipropetrovsk (UKDV) and Simferopol (UKFV) FIRs, with the exception of Airways L851, M856, M860 and M854.
Source: UK
Issued: 20-Feb-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Possible conflicting ATC instructions due to disputed airspace in the Simferopol FIR
Service Provision in Ukraine

As a result of the unrest within the territory and airspace of Ukraine, there remains the potential for confusion over service provision in the Simferopol (UKFV), in particular over the High Seas portion of the airspace.

Capacity may also be impacted in this area while all remaining Ukrainian FIRS appear to be operating normally.