Ukraine

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
Ukraine closed its entire airspace to all civil traffic on Feb 24, 2022, due to a military invasion by Russia. There is an ongoing active conflict in Ukraine between Russian and Ukrainian forces. Russia, Belarus and Moldova have closed large sections of their own airspace near to their FIR boundaries with Ukraine.

All the major countries who regularly issue airspace warnings (the US, UK, Canada, France, Germany) have since issued total flight bans for Ukraine due to risk from military activity at all levels. (Several other countries have also issued flight bans for Ukraine but we have not listed them all here due to sheer volume).

The primary risk is an unintended targeting of civil aircraft by military, including misidentification (as with MAS17, UIA752), or confusion.

The secondary risk is potential lack of Ukrainian Air Traffic Control Service at short notice (Cyber Attack), and other unforeseeable non-normal operating environments for civil aircraft.

Read: OPSGROUP article: Ukraine and Russia Update March 2022

Prior to February 2022, there were two areas of concern in Ukraine - the conflict in the far east of the country (affecting UKDV/Dnipro FIR) and the double claim over ATC and airspace in Crimea (UKFV/URFV/Simferopol FIR).

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
France Notam LFFF F0860/22 20 May 2022 18 Aug 2022
UK Notam EGTT V0018/22 18 May 2022 17 Aug 2022
Ukraine Notam UKBV A0606/22 10 May 2022 15 Jul 2022
Germany Notam EDWW B0418/22 05 May 2022 30 Jun 2022
Canada Notam CZUL H0872/22 25 Mar 2022 23 Jun 2022
USA Notam KICZ A0004/22 24 Feb 2022 Ongoing
USA FAA Information Note Russia/Ukraine 09 Feb 2022 Ongoing
USA SFAR 113 06 Oct 2021 27 Oct 2023
France AIC 18/21 22 Oct 2020 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 20 Feb 2015 Ongoing
Source: France
Issued: 20-May-22, valid until: 18 Aug 2022
Plain English: French operators should not enter the airspace of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova; should also not enter the airspace of Russia within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY RUSSIAN FEDERATION POSES A HIGH RISK FOR CIVIL FLIGHTS OPERATING AT ALL ALTITUDES AND FLIGHT LEVELS. AIR CARRIERS AND CAPTAINS OF ACFT IN CHARGE OF AIR SERVICE MANAGED BY CARRIERS HOLDERS OF OPERATING LICENCE ISSUED BY FRANCE, WHETHER THEY ARE CONTRACTUAL CARRIERS AND/OR DE FACTO CARRIERS, OR PERFORMING AIR SERVICE WITH COMMERCIAL CHARTER AGREEMENT OR WITH CODE SHARING AND TO ALL FLIGHT PERFORMED WITH FRENCH ACFT REGISTRATION ARE REQUESTED TO :
- NOT ENTER FIR LVIV (UKLV), FIR KYIV (UKBV), FIR DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV), FIR SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), FIR ODESA (UKOV), FIR MINSK (UMMV) AND FIR CHISINAU (LUUU)
- NOT ENTER WITHIN 200 NM OF THE UKRAINIAN BORDER INTO THE FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) AND ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV)
- EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN CONDUCTING FLIGHTS BEYOND 200 NM OF THE UKRAINIAN BORDER IN FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) AND FIR ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV).
THIS NOTAM SUPERSEDES THE RESTRICTIONS CONCERNING UKRAINE ISSUED IN AIC 10/22.
20 MAY 07:17 2022 UNTIL 17 AUG 23:59 2022.
CREATED: 20 MAY 07:17 2022
Source: UK
Issued: 18-May-22, valid until: 17 Aug 2022
Plain English: UK operators are prohibited from Ukrainian airspace.
HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN UKRAINE. IN ACCORDANCE WITH DIRECTION UNDER THE AVIATION SECURITY ACT 1982, UK REGISTERED OPERATORS SO SERVED ARE PROHIBITED TO ENTER THE LVIV (UKLV), SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), ODESA (UKOV), KYIV (UKBV) AND DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FIR / TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF UKRAINE. POTENTIAL RISK FROM ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONRY AND HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITY. UK OPERATORS NOT CURRENTLY SUBJECT TO DIRECTION UNDER THE AVIATION SECURITY ACT SHOULD CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT (DFT) BEFORE OPERATING IN THIS AREA. CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT +44 (0)207-082 6639 OR +44 (0)207-944 5999 OUT OF HOURS. 2022-02-0359/AS6.
SFC - UNL, 18 MAY 13:07 2022 UNTIL 16 AUG 11:59 2022.
CREATED: 18 MAY 13:07 2022
Source: Ukraine
Issued: 10-May-22, valid until: 15 Jul 2022
Plain English: Ukraine has closed its airspace to all civil flights due to Russian military invasion and ongoing conflict.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. THE USE OF AIRSPACE OF UKRAINE WITHIN UIR KYIV, FIR LVIV, FIR KYIV, FIR DNIPRO, FIR ODESA, FIR SIMFEROPOL IS PROHIBITED FOR ALL AIRCRAFT EXCEPT STATE AIRCRAFT OF UKRAINE OR UNDER PERMISSION OF GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE. ATS IS NOT PROVIDED.
10 MAY 15:52 2022 UNTIL 14 JUL 23:59 2022 ESTIMATED.
CREATED: 10 MAY 15:53 2022
Source: Germany
Issued: 05-May-22, valid until: 30 Jun 2022
Plain English: German operators are prohibited from Ukrainian airspace.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY RUSSIAN FEDERATION SECURITY UKRAINE HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV), SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), KYIV (UKBV), UIR KYIV (UKBU), LVIV (UKLV), ODESA (UKOV) CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN THE AIRSPACE AND TERRITORY OF UKRAINE. POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM STATE OF WAR.
FURTHER INFORMATION: WEBSITE OF THE FEDERAL MINISTRY FOR DIGITAL AND TRANSPORT OF GERMANY (WWW.BMVI.DE/KRISENMANAGEMENT).
EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
05 MAY 07:21 2022 UNTIL 29 JUN 23:59 2022. CREATED: 05 MAY 07:21 2022
Source: Canada
Issued: 25-Mar-22, valid until: 23 Jun 2022
Plain English: Canadian operators are prohibited from the airspace of Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, and Russia’s URRV/Rostov FIR; and within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine in Russia’s UUWV/Moscow FIR.
AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE STATE OF WAR IN UKRAINE. POTENTIAL RISK FM MILITARY COMBAT AND DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY, AND THREAT POSED BY MISIDENTIFICATION, MISCALCULATION AND MISCOMMUNICATION IN EASTERN EUROPE. CANADIAN AIR OPERATORS AND OWNERS OF ACFT REGISTERED IN CANADA ARE PROHIBITED FM:
- ENTERING UKRAINIAN AIRSPACE:
- OPERATING IN THE MINSK (UMMV), CHISINAU (LUUU) AND ROSTOV (URRV) FIRS:
- OPERATING WITHIN 200NM OF THE BOUNDARIES OF THE DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) AND KYIV (UKBV) FIRS IN THE MOSCOW (UUWV) FIR.
HUMANITARIAN AND ANY OTHER FLIGHT SEEKING AN EXCEPTION TO THIS PROHIBITION MUST RECEIVE AUTHORIZATION GRANTED FM THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT. AFFECTED AIR OPERATORS WISHING TO OBTAIN SUCH AN AUTHORIZATION MUST APPLY TO THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AT 1-877-992-6853 OR 1-613-992-6853 OR BY EMAIL AT OPERATIONS.AVIATION(AT)TC.GC.CA.
25 MAR 19:40 2022 UNTIL 23 JUN 18:00 2022 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 25 MAR 19:40 2022
Source: USA
Issued: 24-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from the airspace of Ukraine.
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE LVIV (UKLV), KYIV (UKBV), DNIPRO (UKDV), SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), AND ODESA (UKOV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS, AS WELL AS, THE KYIV UPPER INFORMATION REGION (UIR) (UKBU)THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING AT ALL ALTITUDES IN THE LVIV FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (UKLV), KYIV FIR (UKBV), DNIPRO FIR (UKDV), SIMFEROPOL FIR (UKFV), AND ODESA FIR (UKOV), AS WELL AS THE KYIV UPPER INFORMATION REGION (UIR) (UKBU), DUE TO SAFETY-OF-FLIGHT RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH ONGOING HOSTILITIES.
A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF CIVIL AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHEN THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.
B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) ABOVE FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.
C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY REQUIRING IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C). ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.
SFC - FL999, 24 FEB 19:30 2022 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 24 FEB 19:22 2022
Source: USA
Issued: 09-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Increased tensions along the border between Russia and Ukraine. Increased military buildup, heightened rhetoric, and uncertainty over Russia’s intentions result in an increasingly unpredictable situation. If cross-border conflict occurs, it may pose a direct or indirect threat to civil aviation.
Title: FAA Information Note - Russia/Ukraine – Increased Risk of Potential Conflict.

Click the link for full text.
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 113
Issued: 06-Oct-21, valid until: 27 Oct 2023
Plain English: This SFAR bans US operators overflying the eastern part of the UKDV/Dnipropetrovsk FIR due to a continued threat of arms fire in the region.
This action amends and extends the Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) prohibiting certain flights in the specified areas of the Dnipro Flight Information Region (FIR) (UKDV) by all: U.S. air carriers; U.S. commercial operators; persons exercising the privileges of an airman certificate issued by the FAA, except when such persons are operating U.S.-registered aircraft for a foreign air carrier; and operators of U.S.-registered civil aircraft, except when the operator of such aircraft is a foreign air carrier. The FAA finds this action necessary to address hazards to persons and aircraft engaged in such flight operations due to the continuing hostilities along the line of contact between Ukraine and Russian-backed separatists and heightened tensions between Russia and Ukraine. The FAA extends the expiration date of this Special Federal Aviation Regulation from October 27, 2021, until October 27, 2023. Additionally, the FAA republishes the approval process and exemption information for this SFAR, consistent with other recently published flight prohibition SFARs, and makes minor administrative revisions.
Source: France
Reference: AIC 18/21
Issued: 22-Oct-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights of the UKFV and UKDV FIRs in the east of the country should only be planned over six Black Sea airways: M854, M856, M860, L851, M435, and M861.
From 22/10/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and owners of aircraft registered in France are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into UKDV (DNIPROPETROVS’K) and UKFV (SIMFEROPOL) FIRs, except for routes segments M860 KUGOS - DIGAM, L851 KUGOS - ADINA, M854 SUMOL - RASIL, M856 RAKUR - DIGAM, M435 LAROM – RASIL and M861 RAKUR – BIRMA which are available for flight planning according to conditions published in Ukraine aeronautical information, and for which it is advisable to refer to the most current recommendations published by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).
Source: UK
Issued: 20-Feb-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Possible conflicting ATC instructions due to disputed airspace in the Simferopol FIR.
Service Provision in Ukraine

As a result of the unrest within the territory and airspace of Ukraine, there remains the potential for confusion over service provision in the Simferopol (UKFV), in particular over the High Seas portion of the airspace.

Capacity may also be impacted in this area while all remaining Ukrainian FIRS appear to be operating normally.