Ukraine

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
Ukraine closed its entire airspace to all civil traffic on Feb 24, 2022, due to a military invasion by Russia. There is an ongoing active conflict in Ukraine between Russian and Ukrainian forces. Russia, Belarus and Moldova have closed large sections of their own airspace near to their FIR boundaries with Ukraine.

All the major countries who regularly issue airspace warnings (the US, UK, Canada, France, Germany) have since issued total flight bans for Ukraine due to risk from military activity at all levels. (Several other countries have also issued flight bans for Ukraine but we have not listed them all here due to sheer volume).

The primary risk is an unintended targeting of civil aircraft by military, including misidentification (as with MAS17, UIA752), or confusion.

The secondary risk is potential lack of Ukrainian Air Traffic Control Service at short notice (Cyber Attack), and other unforeseeable non-normal operating environments for civil aircraft.

Read: OPSGROUP article: Ukraine and Russia Update March 2022

Prior to February 2022, there were two areas of concern in Ukraine - the conflict in the far east of the country (affecting UKDV/Dnipro FIR) and the double claim over ATC and airspace in Crimea (UKFV/URFV/Simferopol FIR).

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
UK Notam EGTT V0037/22 24 Nov 2022 Ongoing
France AIC 24/22 17 Nov 2022 Ongoing
USA FAA Information Note Russia/Ukraine 14 Nov 2022 Ongoing
Ukraine Notam UKBV A0640/22 12 Oct 2022 12 Jan 2023
USA Notam KICZ A0004/22 24 Feb 2022 Ongoing
Canada AIC 16/22 24 Feb 2022 Ongoing
Germany AIC 20/22 24 Feb 2022 Ongoing
USA SFAR 113 06 Oct 2021 27 Oct 2023
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 20 Feb 2015 Ongoing
Source: UK
Issued: 24-Nov-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: UK operators are prohibited from Ukrainian airspace.
HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN UKRAINE. IN ACCORDANCE WITH DIRECTION UNDER THE AVIATION SECURITY ACT 1982, UK REGISTERED OPERATORS SO SERVED ARE PROHIBITED TO ENTER THE LVIV (UKLV), SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), ODESA (UKOV), KYIV (UKBV) AND DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FIR / TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF UKRAINE. POTENTIAL RISK FROM ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONRY AND HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITY. UK OPERATORS NOT CURRENTLY SUBJECT TO DIRECTION UNDER THE AVIATION SECURITY ACT SHOULD CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT (DFT) BEFORE OPERATING IN THIS AREA. CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT +44 (0)207-082 6639 OR +44 (0)207-944 5999 OUT OF HOURS. 2022-02-0359/AS6. SFC - UNL, 24 NOV 09:46 2022 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 24 NOV 09:47 2022
Source: France
Reference: AIC 24/22
Issued: 17-Nov-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: French operators should not enter the airspace of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova; should also not enter the airspace of Russia within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine.
From 17/11/2022 and until further notice, following the military invasion of Ukraine by the Russian federation which poses a high risk to civilian flights operating at all altitudes and at all flight levels, pilots in command of aircraft performing air services mentioned in paragraph 1.1 are requested :
-  not to enter FIR LVIV (UKLV), FIR KYIV (UKBV), FIR DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV), FIR SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), FIR ODESA (UKOV), FIR MINSK (UMMV) and FIR CHISINAU (LUUU)
-  not to enter within 200 NM of the Ukrainian border into the FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) and ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV)
-  exercise extreme caution when conducting flights beyond 200 NM of the Ukrainian borders in FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) and FIR ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV).
Source: USA
Issued: 14-Nov-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: The Russia/Ukraine conflict spillover risk is increasing. Russia periodically launches missiles targeting Ukraine which transit Moldovan airspace. Reports of comms and GPS jamming outside the conflict zone, particularly over the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Expanded drone activity, especially around Crimea and eastern Ukraine.
Title: FAA Information Note - Russia/Ukraine – Conflict Spillover Risks to U.S. Civil Aviation Increasing

Click the link for full text.
Source: Ukraine
Issued: 12-Oct-22, valid until: 12 Jan 2023
Plain English: Ukraine airspace remains closed to all civil flights (since Feb 2022) due to Russian invasion and ongoing conflict.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. THE USE OF AIRSPACE OF UKRAINE WITHIN UIR KYIV, FIR LVIV, FIR KYIV, FIR DNIPRO, FIR ODESA, FIR SIMFEROPOL IS PROHIBITED FOR ALL AIRCRAFT EXCEPT STATE AIRCRAFT OF UKRAINE OR UNDER PERMISSION OF GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE. ATS IS NOT PROVIDED.
Source: USA
Issued: 24-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from the airspace of Ukraine.
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE LVIV (UKLV), KYIV (UKBV), DNIPRO (UKDV), SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), AND ODESA (UKOV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS, AS WELL AS, THE KYIV UPPER INFORMATION REGION (UIR) (UKBU)THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING AT ALL ALTITUDES IN THE LVIV FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (UKLV), KYIV FIR (UKBV), DNIPRO FIR (UKDV), SIMFEROPOL FIR (UKFV), AND ODESA FIR (UKOV), AS WELL AS THE KYIV UPPER INFORMATION REGION (UIR) (UKBU), DUE TO SAFETY-OF-FLIGHT RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH ONGOING HOSTILITIES.
A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF CIVIL AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHEN THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.
B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) ABOVE FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.
C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY REQUIRING IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C). ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.
SFC - FL999, 24 FEB 19:30 2022 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 24 FEB 19:22 2022
Source: Canada
Reference: AIC 16/22
Issued: 24-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Canadian operators are prohibited from the airspace of Ukraine.
Level 3 (prohibition)
SECURITY – HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN UKRAINE. Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are prohibited to enter FIR:
• Dnipropetrovsk (UKDV), Kiev (UKBV), Lviv (UKLV), Odesa (UKOV) and Simferopol (UKFV), in the airspace of Ukraine;
• FIR Rostov (URRV), in the airspace of Russia; and,
• Are prohibited from operating within 200nm of the boundaries of FIR UKDV and FIR UKBV in FIR Moscow (UUWV).
Potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations.
Source: Germany
Reference: AIC 20/22
Issued: 24-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: German operators are prohibited from Ukrainian airspace.
Level 3 (Highest Risk - Do Not Enter). Civil German air operators are prohibited to enter FIR DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV), FIR SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), FIR LVIV (UKLV), FIR ODESA (UKOV), FIR KYIV (UKBV) and UIR KYIV (UKBU). Potential risk from state of war.

Further information: Website of the Federal Ministry for Digital and Transport of Germany (www.BMVI.DE/KRISENMANAGEMENT).
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 113
Issued: 06-Oct-21, valid until: 27 Oct 2023
Plain English: This SFAR bans US operators overflying the eastern part of the UKDV/Dnipropetrovsk FIR due to a continued threat of arms fire in the region.
This action amends and extends the Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) prohibiting certain flights in the specified areas of the Dnipro Flight Information Region (FIR) (UKDV) by all: U.S. air carriers; U.S. commercial operators; persons exercising the privileges of an airman certificate issued by the FAA, except when such persons are operating U.S.-registered aircraft for a foreign air carrier; and operators of U.S.-registered civil aircraft, except when the operator of such aircraft is a foreign air carrier. The FAA finds this action necessary to address hazards to persons and aircraft engaged in such flight operations due to the continuing hostilities along the line of contact between Ukraine and Russian-backed separatists and heightened tensions between Russia and Ukraine. The FAA extends the expiration date of this Special Federal Aviation Regulation from October 27, 2021, until October 27, 2023. Additionally, the FAA republishes the approval process and exemption information for this SFAR, consistent with other recently published flight prohibition SFARs, and makes minor administrative revisions.
Source: UK
Issued: 20-Feb-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Possible conflicting ATC instructions due to disputed airspace in the Simferopol FIR.
Service Provision in Ukraine

As a result of the unrest within the territory and airspace of Ukraine, there remains the potential for confusion over service provision in the Simferopol (UKFV), in particular over the High Seas portion of the airspace.

Capacity may also be impacted in this area while all remaining Ukrainian FIRS appear to be operating normally.