Somalia

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Despite the ongoing conflict in Somalia the risk level is determined to be Assessed, the threats to aviation only exist below specified levels. However, our recommendation is to avoid the airspace entirely. The situation on the ground is highly unstable and there is an inherent risk to civilians and aircraft. The central government has little control of the major cities and ports with ongoing attacks from extremist militants targeting civilians. The advice from our information sources is all similar; “do not operate below a minimum of FL240 in the airspace of Somalia”. (Note UR401 SIHIL-AXINA is excluded from this by one authority) “There is a high risk to overflying aircraft from anti aviation weaponry”.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B0323/19 04 May 2019 03 Aug 2019
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
Somalia Notam A0035/18 13 Apr 2018 13 Jul 2018
USA Notam KICZ A0001/16 13 Dec 2017 07 Jan 2020
USA SFAR 107 13 Dec 2017 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Jan 2016 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0323/19
Issued: 04-May-19, valid until: 03 Aug 2019
Plain English: Do not operate to airports in Somalia, and do not overfly the airspace below FL260 except for UR401.
B0323/19 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
SECURITY SOMALIA POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR MOGADISHU HCSM:

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ADVISES CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS NOT TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN FIR MOGADISHU (HCSM) BELOW FL260 WITH THE EXCEPTION OF AIRWAY UR401 BETWEEN WAYPOINTS SUHIL AND AXINA INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS DUE TO POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION AND GROUND-TO-GROUND WEAPONRY AND ARMED CONFLICTS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

04 MAY 00:00 2019 UNTIL 03 AUG 23:59 2019. CREATED: 30 APR 16:47 2019
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL240 or above.
From 15/10/2015 and until further notice, French carriers are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level equal to or above FL240 in the airspace of Somalia (HCSM FIR (MOGADISHU))
Source: Somalia
Reference: Notam A0035/18
Issued: 13-Apr-18, valid until: 13 Jul 2018
Plain English: Armed conflict and a lack of Aeronautical information present a safety and security risk to aircraft.
HCMM/ADEN A0035/18

13APR 0913Z- OPRATORS SHOULD EXERCISE EXTREME CTN AND FULLY ASSES THE POTENTIAL RISKS TO FLIGHT SAFETY AND SECURITY WHEN PLANING OR COMDUCTING OPS INTO MUGADISHU AIRPORT DUE TO LACK OF IMFORMATION OR ARMED CONFLICTS STOP.

13 APR 09:30 2018 UNTIL 13 JUL 09:30 2018.
Source: USA
Issued: 13-Dec-17, valid until: 07 Jan 2020
Plain English: SFAR 107 prohibits US airmen from operating below FL260 in the airspace of Somalia.
(Pointer Notam to SFAR 107) KICZ A0001/16 - SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FLIGHT PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF SOMALIA 14 CFR 91.1613 SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 107
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 107
Issued: 13-Dec-17, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: SFAR 107 prohibits US airmen from operating below FL260 in the airspace of Somalia.
This action extends the expiration date for the Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) that prohibits certain flights in the territory and airspace of Somalia at altitudes below flight level (FL) 260 by all: United States (U.S.) air carriers; U.S. commercial operators; persons exercising the privileges of an airman certificate issued by the FAA, except when such persons are operating U.S.-registered aircraft for a foreign air carrier; and operators of U.S.-registered civil aircraft, except where the operator of such aircraft is a foreign air carrier.

The FAA is taking this action because it has determined that there continues to be an unacceptable risk to U.S. civil aviation operating in the territory and airspace of Somalia at altitudes below FL260 resulting from terrorist and militant activity. The FAA also republishes, with minor revisions, the approval process and exemption information for this SFAR.
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Jan-16, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should avoid overflying Somalia airspace below FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Somalia

Potential risk to aviation overflying Somalia (Mogadishu FIR - HCSM) at less than 25,000 ft above ground level (agl) from dedicated antiaircraft weaponry.

Operators are advised to avoid operating at less than 25,000 ft agl in Somalia (Mogadishu FIR - HCSM).