Russia

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Ukraine closed its entire airspace to all civil traffic on Feb 24, 2022, due to a military invasion by Russia. There is an ongoing active conflict in Ukraine between Russian and Ukrainian forces. Russia, Belarus and Moldova have closed large sections of their own airspace near to their FIR boundaries with Ukraine.

The US and Canada have since banned their operators from the section of airspace in Russia along its FIR boundaries with Ukraine, and several other countries have issued airspace warnings for this area (we have not listed them all here due to sheer volume).

The primary risk is an unintended targeting of civil aircraft by military near the Russia-Ukraine border, including misidentification (as with MAS17, UIA752), or confusion.

Read: OPSGROUP article: Ukraine and Russia Update March 2022

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
France Notam LFFF F0860/22 20 May 2022 18 Aug 2022
Germany Notam EDWW B0416/22 05 May 2022 30 Jun 2022
Canada Notam CZUL H0872/22 25 Mar 2022 23 Jun 2022
USA Notam KICZ A0005/22 24 Feb 2022 Ongoing
USA FAA Information Note Russia/Ukraine 09 Feb 2022 Ongoing
Source: France
Issued: 20-May-22, valid until: 18 Aug 2022
Plain English: French operators should not enter the airspace of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova; should also not enter the airspace of Russia within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY RUSSIAN FEDERATION POSES A HIGH RISK FOR CIVIL FLIGHTS OPERATING AT ALL ALTITUDES AND FLIGHT LEVELS. AIR CARRIERS AND CAPTAINS OF ACFT IN CHARGE OF AIR SERVICE MANAGED BY CARRIERS HOLDERS OF OPERATING LICENCE ISSUED BY FRANCE, WHETHER THEY ARE CONTRACTUAL CARRIERS AND/OR DE FACTO CARRIERS, OR PERFORMING AIR SERVICE WITH COMMERCIAL CHARTER AGREEMENT OR WITH CODE SHARING AND TO ALL FLIGHT PERFORMED WITH FRENCH ACFT REGISTRATION ARE REQUESTED TO :
- NOT ENTER FIR LVIV (UKLV), FIR KYIV (UKBV), FIR DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV), FIR SIMFEROPOL (UKFV), FIR ODESA (UKOV), FIR MINSK (UMMV) AND FIR CHISINAU (LUUU)
- NOT ENTER WITHIN 200 NM OF THE UKRAINIAN BORDER INTO THE FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) AND ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV)
- EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN CONDUCTING FLIGHTS BEYOND 200 NM OF THE UKRAINIAN BORDER IN FIR MOSCOW (UUWV) AND FIR ROSTOV-NA-DONU (URRV).
THIS NOTAM SUPERSEDES THE RESTRICTIONS CONCERNING UKRAINE ISSUED IN AIC 10/22.
20 MAY 07:17 2022 UNTIL 17 AUG 23:59 2022.
CREATED: 20 MAY 07:17 2022
Source: Germany
Issued: 05-May-22, valid until: 30 Jun 2022
Plain English: German operators should not operate in the airspace of Russia and Belarus within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine.
MILITARY INVASION OF UKRAINE BY RUSSIAN FEDERATION SECURITY RUSSIA AND BELARUS POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR MOSCOW (UUWV), ROSTOV-NA DONU (URRV) AND MINSK (UMMV) WITHIN 200NM FROM UKRAINE AIRSPACE. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED NOT TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN THE PART OF MOSCOW (UUWV), ROSTOV-NA DONU (URRV) AND MINSK (UMMV) FIR BORDERING 200NM FROM UKRAINE AIRSPACE. POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM MILITARY ACTIVITY. EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
05 MAY 07:17 2022 UNTIL 29 JUN 23:59 2022. CREATED: 05 MAY 07:17 2022
Source: Canada
Issued: 25-Mar-22, valid until: 23 Jun 2022
Plain English: Canadian operators are prohibited from the airspace of Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, and Russia’s URRV/Rostov FIR; and within 200nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine in Russia’s UUWV/Moscow FIR.
AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE STATE OF WAR IN UKRAINE. POTENTIAL RISK FM MILITARY COMBAT AND DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY, AND THREAT POSED BY MISIDENTIFICATION, MISCALCULATION AND MISCOMMUNICATION IN EASTERN EUROPE. CANADIAN AIR OPERATORS AND OWNERS OF ACFT REGISTERED IN CANADA ARE PROHIBITED FM:
- ENTERING UKRAINIAN AIRSPACE:
- OPERATING IN THE MINSK (UMMV), CHISINAU (LUUU) AND ROSTOV (URRV) FIRS:
- OPERATING WITHIN 200NM OF THE BOUNDARIES OF THE DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) AND KYIV (UKBV) FIRS IN THE MOSCOW (UUWV) FIR.
HUMANITARIAN AND ANY OTHER FLIGHT SEEKING AN EXCEPTION TO THIS PROHIBITION MUST RECEIVE AUTHORIZATION GRANTED FM THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT. AFFECTED AIR OPERATORS WISHING TO OBTAIN SUCH AN AUTHORIZATION MUST APPLY TO THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AT 1-877-992-6853 OR 1-613-992-6853 OR BY EMAIL AT OPERATIONS.AVIATION(AT)TC.GC.CA.
25 MAR 19:40 2022 UNTIL 23 JUN 18:00 2022 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 25 MAR 19:40 2022
Source: USA
Issued: 24-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from Russian airspace within 160nm of the FIR boundaries with Ukraine.
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION FOR SPECIFIED AREAS OF THE MOSCOW(UUWV), SAMARA (UWWW) AND ROSTOV-NA DONU FIR (URRV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING AT ALL ALTITUDES IN THE MOSCOW FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (UUWV), THE SAMARA FIR (UWWW), AND THE ROSTOV-NA DONU FIR (URRV) WITHIN 160NM OF THE BOUNDARIES WITH THE DNIPRO FIR (UKDV), THE SIMFEROPOL FIR (UKFV), AND THE KYIV FIR (UKBV) (INCLUDES THAT PORTION OF THE KYIV UPPER INFORMATION REGION (UIR) (UKBU) AIRSPACE WITHIN THE LATERAL LIMITS OF THE UKDV, UKFV, AND UKBV FIRS) DUE TO SAFETY-OF FLIGHT RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH ONGOING HOSTILITIES.
A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF CIVIL AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHEN THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.
B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) ABOVE FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.
C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY REQUIRING IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C). ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.
SFC - FL999, 24 FEB 19:30 2022 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 24 FEB 19:23 2022
Source: USA
Issued: 09-Feb-22, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Increased tensions along the border between Russia and Ukraine. Increased military buildup, heightened rhetoric, and uncertainty over Russia’s intentions result in an increasingly unpredictable situation. If cross-border conflict occurs, it may pose a direct or indirect threat to civil aviation.
Title: FAA Information Note - Russia/Ukraine – Increased Risk of Potential Conflict.

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