Pakistan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Couple of issues: Conflict with India in the Kashmir region in the northeastern corner of Pakistan, and concentration of terrorist group representation in the country. Military activity by Pakistan and India in the disputed Kashmir region poses a potential inadvertent risk to aviation at all altitudes, particularly in the OPLR/Lahore FIR. The consensus among foreign authorities is to cross the OPLR/Lahore and OPKR/Karachi FIRs at higher flight levels. Diversion/Landing in Pakistan is recommended against. Avoid operating to OPPS/Peshawar and OPQT/Quetta airports - both are near the border with Afghanistan. OPKC/Karachi Airport was attacked in 2014.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
USA Notam KICZ A0001/21 01 Jan 2021 01 Jan 2022
USA US FAA Background Notice 01 Jan 2021 Ongoing
Germany AIC 14/22 29 Oct 2020 Ongoing
France AIC 10/22 09 Apr 2020 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: USA
Issued: 01-Jan-21, valid until: 01 Jan 2022
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan, particularly at low altitudes, due to the risk posed by small-arms fire, attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire and anti-aircraft fire by extremist/militant elements operating in the country.
A0001/21 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR PAKISTAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA ARE STRONGLY REMINDED TO REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS; COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450; AND, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, PROVIDE AT LEAST 72 HOURS ADVANCE NOTICE OF PLANNED FLIGHTS TO THE FAA AT FAA-WATCH@FAA.GOV WITH SPECIFIC FLIGHT DETAILS.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. THERE ARE CONTINUING RISKS TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATING IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY. THERE CONTINUES TO BE A RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS AND AIRCRAFT, PARTICULARLY FOR AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AND AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT. THE PRESENCE OF ARMED EXTREMIST/MILITANT ELEMENTS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN POSES A CONTINUED RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM A VARIETY OF WEAPONS AND ATTACKS ON AIRPORT INFRASTRUCTURE. ANY OF THESE THREATS COULD MATERIALIZE WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING. WHILE, TO DATE, THERE HAVE BEEN NO REPORTS OF MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS) BEING USED AGAINST CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN, SOME EXTREMIST/MILITANT GROUPS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN ARE SUSPECTED OF HAVING ACCESS TO MANPADS. AS A RESULT, THERE IS A POTENTIAL RISK FOR EXTREMISTS/MILITANTS TO TARGET CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN WITH MANPADS.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 1 JAN 2022.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL, 01 JAN 11:52 2021 UNTIL 01 JAN 23:59 2022 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 01 JAN 11:59 2021
Source: USA
Issued: 01-Jan-21, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan, particularly at low altitudes, due to the risk posed by small-arms fire, attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire and anti-aircraft fire by extremist/militant elements operating in the country.
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation – Pakistan.

There are continuing risks to U.S. civil aviation operating in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, particularly for aircraft on the ground and aircraft operating at low altitudes, including during the arrival and departure phases of flight, due to extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan. For this reason, on 01 January 2021, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0001/21, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the territory and airspace of Pakistan.

Although there were no extremist/militant attacks against civil aviation in the territory and airspace of Pakistan in 2020, civil aviation remains an attractive target for extremist/militant groups due to the impact and visibility of such attacks. Between 2014 and 2019, extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan demonstrated their ongoing capability and intent to target civil aviation through multiple attacks on aviation infrastructure, including airports. In August 2019, two individuals were arrested for firing small arms at a commercial aircraft on approach into Islamabad International Airport (ICAO: OPRN). In July 2017, media sources reported extremists/militants planned to conduct attacks against Jinnah International Airport (ICAO: OPKC) in Karachi. In 2015, extremists/militants attacked two remote airfields in Balochistan Province and a Pakistani Air Force base in Peshawar, resulting in a number of deaths and injuries. In an August 2015 attack on Jiwani International Airport (ICAO: OPJI) in Balochistan, extremists/militants destroyed an air traffic control radar facility. On 24 June 2014, a commercial airliner on approach into Peshawar’s Bacha Khan International Airport (ICAO: OPPS) received a volley of small arms fire, leaving one passenger dead and two crewmembers wounded. On 8 June 2014, extremists/militants conducted a nighttime attack on OPKC, killing 30 people and damaging airport facilities. Pakistani officials speculated the attackers sought to hijack an aircraft and/or attack aircraft on the ground.

To date, there have been no reports of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) being used against civil aviation in the territory and airspace of Pakistan; however, some extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan are suspected of having access to MANPADS. As a result, there is a potential risk that extremists/militants could target civil aviation with MANPADS. Some MANPADS are capable of reaching maximum altitudes of up to 25,000 feet above ground level.

Additionally, due to the potential for clashes in the Kashmir Region, operators should monitor regional NOTAMs for any airspace or air route closures. During October and November 2020, Pakistani and Indian military forces conducted multiple cross-border indirect fire attacks, resulting in casualties in the Kashmir Region. Although these attacks were limited, they pose a risk of further escalation, and flight disruptions and airspace closures may occur with little or no warning. Although India and Pakistan have no intent to target civil aviation, increased military air operations could present an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation if the situation escalates. Historically, India, Pakistan, and neighboring air navigation service providers (ANSPs) have managed their airspaces appropriately to de-conflict and protect civil aviation overflight operations in response to clashes in the Kashmir Region.
Source: Germany
Reference: AIC 14/22
Issued: 29-Oct-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL260 and above; potential risk of attacks at all airports in Pakistan.
Level 1 (Lowest risk). Civil German air operators are advised to take potential risk into account in their risk assessment and routing decisions within FIR KARACHI (OPKR) and FIR LAHORE (OPLR) below FL260 including landing, taxiing, parking and take off. Potential risk to aviation from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry and possible attacks at all airports.
Source: France
Reference: AIC 10/22
Issued: 09-Apr-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL260 or above.
From 09/04/2020 and until further notice, pilots in command of aircraft performing air services mentioned in paragraph 1.1 are requested to maintain at all times a flight level above or equal to FL260 in the airspace of Pakistan (OPLR FIR (LAHORE) and OPKR FIR (KARACHI)).
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying OPKC/Karachi and OPLR/Lahore FIRs below 25,000ft AGL.
Hazardous Situation in Pakistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Karachi and Lahore FIRs at less than 25,000 ft above ground (agl) level from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.