North Korea

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Following talks with the U.S. in early 2018, North Korea agreed with ICAO that it would provide adequate warning of all “activity hazardous to aviation" within its airspace.

However, in May 2019 North Korea resumed launching missiles into the Sea of Japan, without providing any warning by Notam.

The U.S. continues to prohibit flights across all North Korean airspace, including the oceanic part of the ZKKP/Pyongyang FIR over the Sea of Japan.

In December 2019, Germany issued a new warning Notam for North Korea, as they made threats to launch long rang missiles.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B1484/20 09 Sep 2020 14 Dec 2020
USA SFAR 79 07 Sep 2020 18 Sep 2023
France AIC 23/20 09 Apr 2020 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0018/18 18 Sep 2018 18 Sep 2020
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1484/20
Issued: 09-Sep-20, valid until: 14 Dec 2020
Plain English: There is a potential risk to overflights of North Korean airspace (ZKKP FIR) due to launching of test missiles without prior notice.
B1484/20 (Issued for EDMM EDWW EDGG)
SECURITY NORTH KOREA POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR PYONGYANG (ZKKP)

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR PYONGYANG (ZKKP) DUE TO GROUND TO GROUND BALLISTIC WEAPONRY TEST FIRINGS WITHOUT PRIOR NOTICE. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

15 SEP 00:00 2020 UNTIL 13 DEC 23:59 2020. CREATED: 09 SEP 07:29 2020
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 79
Issued: 07-Sep-20, valid until: 18 Sep 2023
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in all North Korean airspace, including the oceanic part of the ZKKP/Pyongyang FIR over the Sea of Japan, due to the threat posed by unannounced North Korean missile launches and air defense weapons systems.
On November 3, 2017, the FAA issued KICZ Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) A0023/17, prohibiting U.S. civil aviation operations in the entire Pyongyang FIR (ZKKP) due to the hazardous situation created by North Korean military capabilities and activities, including unannounced North Korean missile launches and air defense weapons systems. This amendment to SFAR No. 79 incorporates the November 3, 2017 NOTAM's expanded flight prohibition into the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). The FAA finds this action necessary due to continued hazards to U.S. civil aviation operations in the entire Pyongyang FIR (ZKKP).
Source: France
Reference: AIC 23/20
Issued: 09-Apr-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Caution advised for all North Korea overflights, especially in the maritime part over the Sea of Japan (i.e. due to unannounced rocket launches)
From 09/04/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and aircraft owners registered in France are requested to exercise particular caution during flight operations in the airspace of North Korea (ZKKP FIR (PYONGYANG)), especially its maritime part.
Source: USA
Issued: 18-Sep-18, valid until: 18 Sep 2020
Plain English: This is just a pointer Notam, directing people to read the SFAR which contains complete information about the US restrictions on North Korean airspace.
A0018/18 NOTAM KICZ SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FLIGHT PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE PYONGYANG FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (ZKKP)

14 CFR 91.1615 SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 79 PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE PYONGYANG FIR (ZKKP) WAS PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER ON 18 SEP 2018 AND WAS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY.
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: There is a risk to aircraft overflying ZKKP/Pyongyang FIR, and the Sea of Japan.
Hazardous Situation in North Korea

Potential risk to aviation overflying the territory of North Korea, the Pyongyang Flight Information Region and the Sea of Japan (defined for this purpose as the area lying between 1280000E and 1400000E degrees of longitude) due to continuing but unannounced testing of a range of surface-to-surface missiles.

Operators are advised to take this information into account in their own risk assessments and routing decisions.