Kenya

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Kenya is affected by the ongoing Somali Civil War. There is a high threat from terrorism, including kidnapping. The main threat comes from extremists in response to Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia. IED attack at HKJK/Nairobi in 2014.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
USA Notam KICZ A0002/19 26 Feb 2019 26 Feb 2020
USA US FAA Background Notice 26 Feb 2019 26 Feb 2020
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 12 Aug 2016 Ongoing
Source: USA
Issued: 26-Feb-19, valid until: 26 Feb 2020
Plain English: Exercise caution below FL260 in Kenya's airspace east of 40 degrees East longitude (the border region with Somalia) due to extremist and militant activity.
A0002/19 SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR KENYA

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF KENYA EAST OF 40 DEGREES EAST LONGITUDE AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL260 DUE TO THE POSSIBILITY OF EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POSSIBILITY OF ATTACKS BY EXTREMISTS/MILITANTS ON CIVIL AVIATION. AIRCRAFT MAY ENCOUNTER VARIOUS ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONS, INCLUDING MANPADS, SMALL-ARMS, AND INDIRECT FIRE WEAPONS, SUCH AS MORTARS AND ROCKETS, WHICH COULD TARGET AIRCRAFT AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT AND/OR TARGET AIRPORTS AND AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333 OR +1 202-267-3203.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 26 FEB 2020.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT:HTTP://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/

SFC – FL259; 26 FEB 12:27 2019 UNTIL 26 FEB 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 26 FEB 12:36 2019
Source: USA
Issued: 26-Feb-19, valid until: 26 Feb 2020
Plain English: Exercise caution below FL260 in Kenya’s airspace east of 40 degrees East longitude (the border region with Somalia) due to extremist and militant activity.
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation - Kenya

Due to cross-border extremist/militant activity originating in Somalia, there is potential risk to U.S. civil aviation operating into, out of, within or over the territory and airspace of Kenya east of 40 degrees east longitude at altitudes below Flight Level (FL) 260. As a result, on February 26, 2019, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0002/19, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when flying into, out of, within or over the territory and airspace of Kenya east of 40 degrees east longitude at altitudes below FL260.

While primarily active in Somalia, al-Shabaab, an al-Qa’ida-affiliated extremist/militant group, is the predominate extremist/militant concern in Kenya and has demonstrated their capability and intent to conduct attacks targeting Kenyan government security forces, civilians, and Western interests in Kenya, primarily near Kenya’s eastern border with Somalia and in the coastal region of Kenya adjacent to Somalia. Al-Shabaab possesses, or has access to, a variety of weapons, including small arms; indirect fire weapons, such as mortars and rockets; and anti-aircraft-capable weapons, including man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS). Anti-aircraft-capable weapons could target aircraft at low altitudes, including during the arrival and departure phases of flight, and other weapons could target airports and aircraft on the ground. Some MANPADS have the capability to reach a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet. Al-Shabaab has previously demonstrated the capability and intent to use MANPADS against civil aviation.

Despite Kenyan security efforts, al-Shabaab continues to plot high-profile attacks in Kenya, as demonstrated by the January 2019 attack on the DusitD2 compound and the 2013 attack on the Westgate Mall. In addition to high-profile attacks, al-Shabaab has conducted multiple small-scale attacks against ground-based targets in eastern Kenya in the Kenya-Somalia border region.

Due to continued concerns over the risk to U.S. civil aviation in eastern Kenya in the Kenya-Somalia border region and the coastal region of Kenya adjacent to Somalia, areas in which al-Shabaab continues to operate, U.S. operators and airmen are advised to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the territory and airspace of Kenya east of 40 degrees east longitude at altitudes below FL260. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (HKJK) and Moi International (HKMO) are not within the area covered by the flight advisory.

Al-Shabaab has publicly declared their intent to conduct attacks in retaliation for Kenya’s counterterrorism operations in Somalia, which Kenya conducts as part of the African Union mission. In January 2014, al-Shabaab demonstrated their capability and intent to target civil aviation interests in Kenya when operatives attempted an improvised explosive device (IED) bombing outside of the terminal at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (HJKJ) in Nairobi. In neighboring Somalia, al-Shabaab has conducted multiple attacks targeting civil aviation, including ground assaults on Aden Adde International Airport (HCMM) and weapons fire against military and civil aircraft operating at low altitudes. Al-Shabaab maintains the capability to develop concealed IEDs and the intent to use them against civil aviation, as demonstrated by the attack on Daallo Airlines Flight 159 in February 2016, which involved the use of an insider to help smuggle a concealed IED onto the aircraft.
Source: UK
Issued: 12-Aug-16, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying Kenya at less than FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Kenya

Potential risk to aviation overflying Kenyan airspace and territory FIRs at less than 25,000 ft above ground level (agl) from dedicated antiaircraft weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this information into account in their own risk assessments and routing decisions.