Israel

Risk Level: Three - Caution

[ about risk levels ]
Rocket attacks on Israel and Israeli air strikes on Gaza could present a risk to civil aircraft operating in the region.

The primary risks are: misidentification or miscalculation by air defence systems, falling debris from air defence activities, ballistic impact while on the ground, and short notice airspace closures.

Major Events:
May 2021: Ongoing rocket attacks on Israel and Israeli air strikes on Gaza. LLBG/Tel Aviv Airport has been forced to close on several occasions, as air defence systems have been activated around the country to repel incoming rocket attacks.
July 2014: Major rocket fire from Gaza against Tel Aviv during the Gaza War. The US FAA responded by imposing restrictions at LLBG/Tel Aviv airport for a two day period, and EASA advised that operators suspend flights, which ultimately resulted in 30 airlines cancelling flights.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Israel Notam LLLL A0819/21 14 May 2021 25 May 2021
EASA Advisory 12 May 2021 Ongoing
EASA SIB 2014-22 23 Jul 2014 24 Jul 2014
USA Notam KFDC 4/3630 22 Jul 2014 23 Jul 2014
Source: Israel
Issued: 14-May-21, valid until: 25 May 2021
Plain English: Israel has now removed its Notam advising caution to operators in the LLLL/Tel Aviv FIR. We are keeping it listed here in the short-term for reference.
SECURITY. ISRAEL ADVISORY FOR TEL-AVIV FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION FIR - LLLL.
1. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO ALL AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, OR WITHIN TEL-AVIV FIR - LLLL, AT ALL LEVELS.
2. DUE TO THE ONGOING CONFLICT SITUATION IN THE REGION, BETWEEN ISRAEL AND GAZA BASED EXTREMISTS, MILITANTS, OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY, THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS.
3. OPERATORS ARE INVITED TO CONTACT ISRAEL AIRPORT AUTHORITY- IAA FOR OPERATIONAL INFORMATION.
4. CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY OF ISRAEL - CAAI IS MONITORING THE SITUATION AT ALL TIMES, ASSESING THE RISK AND MITIGATING THE RISK TO AN ACCEPTED LEVEL OF SAFETY - ALOS, ACCORDING TO ICAO STANDARDS. NEVERTHELESS OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION.
5. OPERATORS ARE INVITED TO CONTACT CAAI FOR MORE INFORMATION.
20 MAY 11:21 2021 UNTIL 24 MAY 20:59 2021. CREATED: 20 MAY 11:21 2021
Source: EASA
Reference: Advisory
Issued: 12-May-21, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: EASA Advisory for the LLLL/Tel Aviv FIR, following this week’s rocket attacks. Operators should continue to monitor the situation closely and abide by several new airspace restrictions that have been published for the FIR by Notam. Both overflying aircraft and those operating in and out of LLBG/Tel Aviv are affected. As the situation may change rapidly, extreme care should be taken in Israeli airspace.
Considering the heightened tensions in Israel, including exchange of rocket fire and retaliatory airstrikes, air carriers operating within Israeli airspace and to or from Ben Gurion International Airport (LLBG/TLV) in particular, should monitor closely these developments and adapt their operations according to Israeli Authorities aeronautical publications.

Several NOTAMs are already in place for FIR Tel Aviv (LLLL) and its commercial aerodromes rerouting civilian aviation flight paths as necessary to ensure safety and security of the air operations. Due to the unstable regional situation, these publications may be more restrictive within short notice.

The situation in the region remains a matter of high concern for commercial aviation – It is recommended to exercise caution by taking into account any relevant information, alongside available guidance or directions from your national authorities as appropriate.
Source: EASA
Reference: SIB 2014-22
Issued: 23-Jul-14, valid until: 24 Jul 2014
Plain English: EASA Service Information Bulletin advising operators to avoid LLBG/Tel Aviv Airport until further notice. The SIB was withdrawn on July 24, 2014.
Due to the potentially hazardous situation created by the armed conflict in Israel and Gaza, EASA had issued SIB 2014-22 recommending airspace users to refrain from operating to and from Tel Aviv Ben Gurion International Airport (LLBG).
Source: USA
Issued: 22-Jul-14, valid until: 23 Jul 2014
Plain English: On July 22, 2014, US operators were prohibited from flying to or from LLBG/Tel Aviv Airport for a period of up to 24 hours. The notice was issued in response to a rocket strike which landed approximately one mile from the airport that morning.
SECURITY ISRAEL POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION—ISRAEL AIRSPACE
DUE TO THE POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION CREATED BY THE ARMED CONFLICT IN ISRAEL AND GAZA, ALL FLIGHT OPERATIONS TO/FROM BEN GURION INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (LLBG) BY U.S. OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS OR COMMERCIAL OPERATORS, ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER, AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS WITHIN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF ISRAEL WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY AN EXEMPTION ISSUED BY THE ADMINISTRATOR. SECURITY OPERATORS SHOULD CALL THE DOMESTIC EVENTS NETWORK (DEN) AT 202-493-5107 FOR AUTHORIZATION.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY. THIS NOTAM WILL BE UPDATED WITHIN 24 HOURS, OPERATORS SHOULD CONTINUE TO MONITOR U.S. NOTAMS FOR CHANGES OR UPDATES.