Iraq

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
There was an Iranian missile strike on US military bases in Iraq on Jan 8, quickly followed by the shooting down of Ukraine Int Airlines flight 752 in Tehran by the Iranian Armed Forces, having mistaken the aircraft radar return for an inbound missile to Tehran.

In the days following these events, many countries issued warnings to avoid the airspace of Iraq completely. Though some of these countries have since issued updated advice allowing overflights to resume at the higher flight levels, the US flight ban on Iraqi airspace was re-imposed on March 12, citing “heightened militia activities and increased tensions”.

Most airlines other than Middle Eastern carriers have now stopped overflying Iraq entirely. Traffic that normally operates through the Baghdad FIR now needs another route. The predominant choice for east-west flights into the Dubai area is a southerly routing via Saudi Arabia and Egypt. There are warnings for both of these airspaces as well. Northerly reroutes for Europe-Asia flights are predominantly using a Turkey-Armenia-Azerbaijan-Turkmenistan routing.

The aviation security picture in the Middle East, already fragile and unstable, is now unpredictable. For many operators, you may be starting to use routes that are unfamiliar and not before flown. Take the time to ensure your crews have the full package of charts, are aware of the risks in each FIR, are aware of the potential for GPS outages en-route (especially in the Turkish FIR), and have considered drift down over mountainous areas on the northerly routes.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B1305/20 30 Jul 2020 30 Oct 2020
Ukraine Notam A1970/20 17 Jun 2020 17 Sep 2020
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 22 Apr 2020 Ongoing
France AIC 08/20 09 Apr 2020 Ongoing
Canada Notam H0655/20 13 Mar 2020 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0036/20 12 Mar 2020 Ongoing
Iraq Notam A0018/20 08 Jan 2020 15 Jan 2020
South Africa Notam A2919/18 29 Jul 2018 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1305/20
Issued: 30-Jul-20, valid until: 30 Oct 2020
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL260 or above.
B1305/20 (Issued for EDGG EDMM EDWW)

SECURITY IRAQ POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR BAGHDAD (ORBB) POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR BAGHDAD (ORBB) BELOW FL260 DUE TO ONGOING MILITARY OPERATIONS AND ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

30 JUL 13:02 2020 UNTIL 29 OCT 23:59 2020. CREATED: 30 JUL 13:02 2020
Source: Ukraine
Reference: Notam A1970/20
Issued: 17-Jun-20, valid until: 17 Sep 2020
Plain English: Ukranian operators are prohibited from overflying Iraq
A1970/20 (Issued for UKBV UKDV UKFV UKLV UKOV)

ACCORDING TO THE SAFETY DIRECTIVE OF THE STATE AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OF UKRAINE
NUMBER 2020-02 DATED 18.03.2020 UKRAINIAN AIR OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED TO PERFORM FLIGHTS
WITHIN AIRSPACE OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN.

17 JUN 10:30 2020 UNTIL 16 SEP 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 17 JUN 10:32 2020
Source: UK
Issued: 22-Apr-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: UK operators should not overfly the Baghdad FIR, except on airways UL602 to ALPET, UM860 and UM688, when operating above 25,000ft AGL. (The previous Notam issued by the UK on 9th Jan 2020, advising UK operators that they must not enter the Baghdad FIR, is now cancelled).
Hazardous Situation in Iraq

Potential risk from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry in Iraq.

Operators are advised not to enter the territory and airspace of Iraq (including the Baghdad FIR) with the exception of routing on Airways UL602 to ALPET, UM860 and UM688 when operating above 25,000 ft above ground level (agl).

Operators are advised to take this information into account in their own risk assessments and routing decisions.
Source: France
Reference: AIC 08/20
Issued: 09-Apr-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should only be on airways UM860 and UM688, and UL602 between TASMI and ALPET. Fly at or above FL320.
From 09/04/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and aircraft owners registered in France are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into the airspace of Iraq (ORBB FIR (BAGHDAD)), except for routes UM860, UM688 and UL602 (between TASMI and ALPET) on which French air carriers are requested to maintain at all times a flight level above or equal to FL320.
Source: Canada
Reference: Notam H0655/20
Issued: 13-Mar-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should not enter the airspace of Iraq
H0655/20 (Issued for CZUL CZQM CZQX)
AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE SECURITY SITUATION IN IRAQ. POTENTIAL RISK FROM MILITARY ACTIVITY AND ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY IN IRAQ. AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED NOT TO ENTER THE AIRSPACE OF IRAQ, INCLUDING THE BAGHDAD FIR (ORBB).
13 MAR 15:07 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 13 MAR 15:07 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 12-Mar-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from overflying Iraq
A0036/20 (Issued for KICZ PART)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE BAGHDAD FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (ORBB).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABLITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING IN THE BAGHDAD FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (ORBB) AT ALL ALTITUDES DUE TO HEIGHTENED MILITIA ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED TENSIONS IN IRAQ, WHICH PRESENT AN INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION OR MIS-IDENTIFICATION.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE BAGHDAD FIR (ORBB) WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C). ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL, 12 MAR 22:50 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 12 MAR 22:52 2020
Source: Iraq
Reference: Notam A0018/20
Issued: 08-Jan-20, valid until: 15 Jan 2020
Plain English: Iraq issues warning to operators that Iran fired missiles into the ORBB/Baghdad FIR, altitude and trajectory unknown.
ORBB A0018/20

ACCORDING TO MEDIA INFORMATION MISSILES WERE REPORTED BEING LAUNCHED FROM OIIX INTO ORBB. ALTITUDE AND TRAJECTORY UNKNOWN. AIRLINES ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION.

08 JAN 14:35 2020 UNTIL 15 JAN 23:59 2020. CREATED: 08 JAN 14:34 2020
Source: South Africa
Reference: Notam A2919/18
Issued: 29-Jul-18, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be above FL300
A2919/18 (Issued for FAJA FAJO FACA)
FLT TO AND FM IRAQ POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION - IRAQ AIRSPACE.
DUE TO THE POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION CREATED BY THE ARMED CONFLICT IN IRAQ. ALL FLT OPS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF IRAQ AT OR BLW FL300 BY THE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A, ARE STRONGLY ADZ UFN.
(1) OVERFLIGHTS OF IRAQ ABOVE FL200 BUT AT OR BLW FL300
(2) OPS AT OR BLW FL300 BY FLT DEP FM THE COUNTRIES ADJ TO IRAQ WHOSE CLIMB PER WILL NOT PERMIT OPS ABV FL300 PRIOR TO ENTERING IRAQI AIRSPACE
(3) FLT ORIGINATING FM OR DESTINED TO AREAS OUTSIDE OF IRAQ TO OR FM ERBIL INTL AP (ORER) OR SULAYMANIYAH INT AP (ORSU) WI THE TERRITORY OF IRAQ NORTH OF 34DEG 30MIN NORTH LAT.
APPLICABILITY: THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO ALL SOUTH AFRICAN AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPR, ALL OPR/PERSONS EXER THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AOC ISSUED BY THE SACAA (SOUTH AFRICAN CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY), EXC SUCH OPR/PERSONS OPR SOUTH AFRICAN REGISTERED ACFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER. THIS ADVISORY ON OPS IN THE AIRSPACE SPECIFIED IN THIS NOTAM AND THE ASSOCIATED JUSTIFICATION WILL BE RE-EVALUATED AS THE SITUATION REQUIRES.
29 JUL 06:12 2018 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 29 JUL 06:12 2018