Egypt

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

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Since the Arab Spring, Egypt’s stability and security situation as a state has declined.

-July 2019: British Airways suspends Cairo operations for one week due to security concerns
-In February 2017 an an SA-7 anti-aircraft missile tube was found less than a mile from HECA/Cairo airport.
-In October 2015 a Russian A321 was brought down over the Sinai peninsula by a bomb loaded at HESH/Sharm El Sheikh. The group claimed the IED was placed aboard the aircraft prior to departing HESH, raising concerns of potential insider threats at the airport.

There remains a threat from terrorism in Egypt, particularly in the Sinai Peninsular - most countries advise against operating to airports in this region, as well as overflights below FL260.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Ireland Notam B0812/19 01 Aug 2019 01 Oct 2019
USA Notam KICZ A0010/19 30 Mar 2019 30 Mar 2020
Egypt Notam A0266/18 25 Mar 2019 26 Sep 2019
USA US FAA Background Notice 30 Dec 2018 30 Dec 2020
Germany Notam B1634/18 24 Dec 2018 23 Mar 2019
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Ireland
Reference: Notam B0812/19
Issued: 01-Aug-19, valid until: 01 Oct 2019
Plain English: Avoid overflying the Sinai Peninsula below FL260
B0812/19
FLIGHT IN EGYPT AIRSPACE, CAIRO FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR HECC), SINAI PENINSULA. THE IRISH AVIATION AUTHORITY HAS BEEN DIRECTED BY THE MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT, TOURISM AND SPORT UNDER SECTION 7 (1) (B) OF THE IRISH AVIATION ACT 1993, TO ISSUE A DIRECTION TO IRISH AOC CARRIERS THAT IRISH AOC AIRCRAFT SHOULD NOT FLY BELOW 2600OFT IN EGYPT AIRSPACE, CAIRO FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR HECC), SINAI PENINSULA. THE IRISH AVIATION AUTHORITY, IN PURSUANCE OF ARTICLES 4,7 AND 25 OF THE IRISH AVIATION AUTHORITY (OPERATIONS) ORDER (S.I. NO.61 OF 2006), (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE ORDER), HEREBY DIRECTS THAT ALL IRISH AOC AIRCRAFT SHOULD NOT FLY BELOW 26000FT IN EGYPT'S AIRSPACE CAIRO FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR HECC), SINAI PENINSULA.
01 AUG 12:48 2019 UNTIL 01 OCT 17:00 2019 ESTIMATED.
Source: USA
Issued: 30-Mar-19, valid until: 30 Mar 2020
Plain English: Avoid overflying the Sinai Peninsula below FL260; if planning to do so, provide 3 days notice to the FAA.
A0010/19 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR EGYPT SINAI PENINSULA.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW SHOULD AVOID FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN OR OVER THE SINAI PENINSULA IN THE CAIRO FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (HECC) AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL260 WITHIN THE FOLLOWING LATERAL LIMITS: 311855N 0321900E TO 294443N 0322815E TO 281650N 0331928E TO 272900N 0341900E TO 292920N 0345500E THEN ALONG THE EGYPT/ISRAEL BORDER TO 311800N 0341300E TO 311855N 0321900E.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS; COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450; AND PROVIDE AT LEAST 72 HOURS ADVANCE NOTICE OF PLANNED FLIGHTS TO THE FAA AT AEO-CITEWATCH@FAA.GOV WITH SPECIFIC FLIGHT DETAILS TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS DUE TO THE RISK FROM POTENTIAL EXTREMIST/MILITANT ATTACKS INVOLVING ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONS, INCLUDING MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS), ANTI-TANK MISSILES, SMALL-ARMS FIRE, AND INDIRECT FIRE FROM MORTARS AND ROCKETS TARGETING AIRCRAFT AND SINAI AIRPORTS. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333 OR 1 202-267-3203.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 30 MARCH 2020.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - FL259, 30 MAR 10:28 2019 UNTIL 30 MAR 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 30 MAR 10:33 2019
Source: Egypt
Reference: Notam A0266/18
Issued: 25-Mar-19, valid until: 26 Sep 2019
Plain English: Do not plan RNAV approaches at Cairo.
A0086/19 NOTAMR A0266/18
Q) HECC/QGAXX/I/NBO/A/000/999/3007N03125E010
A) HECA B) 1903251215 C) 1909261000 EST
E) DUE TO GPS JAMMING WI RADIUS 10NM CENTRE CAIRO ARP
300641N0312450E,RNAV (GNSS) APCH SHOULD NOT BE PLANNED AT CAIRO INTL
AP.
Source: USA
Issued: 30-Dec-18, valid until: 30 Dec 2020
Plain English: Avoid overflying the Sinai Peninsula below FL260
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation – Egypt Sinai Peninsula in the Cairo (HECC) Flight Information Region (FIR)

Due to the unstable security situation created by ongoing fighting between military forces and extremist/militant elements, the FAA assesses there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation operating into, out of, within, or over the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula in the Cairo (HECC) Flight Information Region (FIR), within the lateral limits described in NOTAM A0007/18, at altitudes below FL260.

International civil air routes that transit the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula below FL260, and aircraft operating to and from Sinai airports, are at risk from extremist/militant attacks involving small arms, indirect-fire weapons such as mortars and rockets, anti-tank missiles and anti-aircraft capable weapons including man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS). These weapons could also be used to attack airports and aircraft on the ground. Some MANPADS could target aircraft up to a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet above ground level (AGL).

The Islamic State in Iraq and ash-Sham in the Sinai (ISIS-Sinai), which is an Egypt-based affiliate of ISIS, continues to conduct attacks in northern and southern Sinai, some of which demonstrate their capability and intent to target civil aviation. In December 2017, ISIS-Sinai used an anti-tank missile to destroy a military helicopter associated with VIP movement at Al’ Arish. In February 2017, ISIS-Sinai militants in southern Sinai fired rockets at Eilat, Israel. In October 2015, ISIS claimed responsibility for the improvised explosive device (IED) bomb attack that destroyed a Russian passenger airliner enroute St. Petersburg, Russia from Sharm el-Sheikh (HESH), Egypt. The group claimed the IED was placed aboard the aircraft prior to departing HESH, raising concerns of potential insider threats at the airport. In June 2015, ISIS fired rockets towards an airport located in northern Sinai, and in January 2014, ISIS-Sinai fired small arms at an Egyptian military aircraft in the region and used MANPADS to shoot down an Egyptian military helicopter flying at low altitude. Although MANPADS have not been used to target civil aircraft in the Sinai, extremists/militants could do so at any time with little or no warning.

The FAA will continue to monitor risks to U.S. civil aviation operations in the Cairo (HECC) FIR and will adjust to its advisory for U.S. civil aviation operations as warranted.

Posted: 30 Mar 2018
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1634/18
Issued: 24-Dec-18, valid until: 23 Mar 2019
Plain English: Entire Sinai Peninsula presents a risk below FL260, as do landings at HEAR/El Arish, HEGR/El Gora, HETB/Taba, HESC/St. Catherine, HESH/Sharm-el-Sheikh.
B1634/18 (Issued for EDWW EGDD EDMM)
SECURITY EGYPT POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR CAIRO (HECC, SINAI PENINSULA)

CONTENT: FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ADVISES CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS NOT TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN FIR CAIRO (HECC, SINAI PENINSULA)
BELOW FL260 INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL
AIRPORTS ON THE SINAI PENINSULA WITHIN FIR CAIRO (HECC) DUE TO
POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION AND
GROUND-TO-GROUND WEAPONRY.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE
DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN
COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT
EMERGENCY.

24 DEC 00:00 2018 UNTIL 23 MAR 23:59 2019.
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overfly Egypt's Northern Sinai region at less than FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Egypt

Potential risk to aviation overflying Egyptian airspace in Northern Sinai Governate within the area bounded by 311400N 0322200E - 294000N 0324000E - 293000N 0345400E - 312000N 0341200E - 311400N 0322200E (Cairo FIR, Sinai Peninsula) at less than 25,000 ft above ground level (agl) from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are strongly advised to avoid operating at less than 25,000 ft agl in this airspace.