Azerbaijan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

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The conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia continues to escalate. The situation is volatile with both countries indicating they are close to declaring outright war. The flare-up in hostilities has centred around the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region to the south, as well as the Tavush region along the northern border. Both countries have exchanged artillery fire and drone attacks.

In July 2020, both France and Germany issued airspace warnings for this border region. The French warning is still in effect as of Sept 2020, saying that overflights should be at FL340 or above.

The most recent fighting is the heaviest seen in the long-running conflict since 2016. With no immediate cessation of the conflict in sight, we recommend operators avoid the border region between Azerbaijan and Armenia until the airspace safety picture improves.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Azerbaijan Notam UBBA A0131/20 05 Oct 2020 16 Oct 2020
France AIC 16/20 23 Jul 2020 Ongoing
Germany Notam B1280/20 17 Jul 2020 17 Aug 2020
Azerbaijan Notam UBBA A0024/11 11 Feb 2011 Ongoing
Source: Azerbaijan
Issued: 05-Oct-20, valid until: 16 Oct 2020
Plain English: Caution advised in the UBBA/Baku FIR due to the spillover of the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Specific warning of threat posed by long-range missiles, which they claim Armenia has used to target locations throughout Azerbaijan.
DUE TO THE SHELLING BY THE ARMENIAN ARMED FORCES OF CIVILIAN OBJECTS THROUGHOUT THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN WITH THE USE OF LONG-RANGE MISSILES, A THREAT AROSE FOR INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS OF CIVIL AVIATION. AIRLINES USING THE BAKU FIR ARE STRONGLY ADVISED TO FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS OF ATC, SEND FPL'S IN ADVANCE, AND BE PREPARED FOR POSSIBLE DEVIATIONS FROM THE PLANNED FLIGHT PATH. 05 OCT 11:30 2020 UNTIL 15 OCT 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 05 OCT 11:31 2020
Source: France
Reference: AIC 16/20
Issued: 23-Jul-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should not overfly the border region with Armenia in the western part of Azerbaijan west of 47’20 East longitude, except for certain airways in the far north of the UBBA/Baku FIR at FL340 or above.
From 23/07/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and owners of aircraft registered in France are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate in the part of the YEREVAN SVARNOTS FIR (UDDD) east of the meridian 44°45'00"E and in the part of the BAKU FIR (UBBA) west of the meridian 47°20'00" E except for routes M737 (between DISKA and VERCA), M747 (between VERCA and LIMTI), T916 (between LEYLA and SUBUT), N161 (between LEYLA and LIMTI), N996 (between GIPAR and SUBUT), L850, N644, N319, T923 and T921 on which a flight level above or equal to FL340 is requested at all times.
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1280/20
Issued: 17-Jul-20, valid until: 17 Aug 2020
Plain English: Caution advised in the UBBA/Baku FIR due to escalation in military ops along the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan including anti-aircraft weaponry. (This Notam has since been rescinded, but for the short term we are still listing it here for reference.)
B1280/20 (Issued for EDGG EDWW EDMM)
- SECURITY - AZERBAIJAN - POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR BAKU (UBBA)
POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR BAKU (UBBA) FROM MILITARY OPERATION INCLUDING ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.
EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
17 JUL 17:33 2020 UNTIL 17 AUG 23:59 2020. CREATED: 17 JUL 17:33 2020
Source: Azerbaijan
Issued: 11-Feb-11, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Azerbaijan’s long-standing Notam warning of prohibited airspace over Nagorno-Karabakh, an area located in the south-west of Azerbaijan labelled on airway charts as ‘UBP3’. Although this area falls under the Baku FIR, it’s a de facto independent state with Armenian backing. Azerbaijan and neighbouring Armenia have a long-standing dispute over the possession of this area. There’s a heavy military presence here, and drones are frequently shot down.
A0024/11 - ACCORDING TO AIP OF AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC REF.ENR 5.1 DUE TO CONFLICT SITUATION THE PROHIBITED AREA UBP3 GND/UNL IS ESTABLISHED OVER THE TERRITORY OF THE NAGORNY KARABAKH AND CONTROLLED BY THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN. INTERCEPTION OF OFFENDERS BY THE AIR FORSE IS MANDATORY ACTION. GND - UNL, 11 FEB 12:40 2011 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 11 FEB 12:43 2011