Armenia

Risk Level: Three - Caution

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Clashes along the northern border between Azerbaijan and Armenia in July 2020 prompted both Germany and France to issue airspace warnings for both countries.

The flare-up reportedly involved exchanges of artillery fire between the two countries, with both sides also claiming to have shot down enemy drones.

Azerbaijan has since established a Temporary Restricted Area along the border with Armenia, which means that all east-west airways between the two countries are now effectively closed.

All of the north-south airways on both sides of the border remain open. Some of these are popular routes for traffic between Europe and the Middle East electing to overfly Iranian airspace instead of routing over Iraq. Pay particular attention to these latest airspace warnings for Armenia and Azerbaijan if flying on any north-south airways close to the border between the two countries, especially M54 and N82 on the Armenia side, and M737 on the Azerbaijan side.

Azerbaijan and Armenia also have a long-standing dispute over the possession over Nagorno-Karabakh, an area located in the south-west of Azerbaijan labelled on airway charts as UBP3. Although this area falls under the Baku FIR, it’s a de facto independent state with Armenian backing. There’s a heavy military presence in this region too, and though there are no published airways here, Azerbaijan has had a Notam in place since 2011 warning that the airspace is prohibited.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
France AIC 14/20 23 Jul 2020 Ongoing
Germany Notam B1281/20 17 Jul 2020 17 Aug 2020
Source: France
Reference: AIC 14/20
Issued: 23-Jul-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should not overfly Armenia east of 44’45 East longitude.
From 23/07/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and owners of aircraft registered in France are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate in the part of the YEREVAN SVARNOTS FIR (UDDD) east of the meridian 44°45'00"E and in the part of the BAKU FIR (UBBA) west of the meridian 47°20'00" E except for routes M737 (between DISKA and VERCA), M747 (between VERCA and LIMTI), T916 (between LEYLA and SUBUT), N161 (between LEYLA and LIMTI), N996 (between GIPAR and SUBUT), L850, N644, N319, T923 and T921 on which a flight level above or equal to FL340 is requested at all times.
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1281/20
Issued: 17-Jul-20, valid until: 17 Aug 2020
Plain English: Caution advised in the UDDD/Yerevan FIR due to escalation in military ops along the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan including anti-aircraft weaponry. (This Notam has since been rescinded, but for the short term we are still listing it here for reference.)
B1281/20 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
- SECURITY - ARMENIA - POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION -- FIR YEREVAN (UDDD)
POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR YEREVAN (UDDD) FROM MILITARY OPERATION INCLUDING ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.
EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
17 JUL 17:34 2020 UNTIL 17 AUG 23:59 2020. CREATED: 17 JUL 17:35 2020