Afghanistan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
There is an ongoing war in Afghanistan, which since NATO’s withdrawal in December 2014, has been fought between the state and several factions. Diversion/Landing to Afghanistan – don’t. Nowhere is safe. Overflight advice averages out at a minimum FL250, though as with other mountainous countries we think FL320 is a better starting point. There are comms issues in the Kabul FIR – long periods without ATC contact is possible. Monitor TCAS and Air-to-Air channels.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B0898/19 01 Oct 2019 01 Jan 2020
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0027/18 23 Dec 2018 24 Dec 2019
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0898/19
Issued: 01-Oct-19, valid until: 01 Jan 2020
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL330 or above.
B0898/19 (Issued for EDMM EDGG EDWW)
SECURITY AFGHANISTAN POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR KABUL (OAKX)

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR KABUL (OAKX) BELOW FL330 INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY AND FROM BEING SUBJECT TO COLLATERAL DAMAGE DUE TO ATTACKS ON NON-CIVILIAN TARGETS AT ALL AIRPORTS WITHIN FIR KABUL (OAKX). CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

01 OCT 09:12 2019 UNTIL 01 JAN 23:59 2020. CREATED: 01 OCT 09:14 2019
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights must be at FL240 or above.
From 17/01/2015 and until further notice, French carriers are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level equal to or above FL240 in the airspace of Afghanistan (OAKX FIR (KABUL)).
Source: USA
Issued: 23-Dec-18, valid until: 24 Dec 2019
Plain English: Stick to airways, and maintain FL330 or higher. If you have to land at airports in the country, minimise ground time; aircraft on the ground at airports have been damaged or destroyed by indirect rocket or mortar fire from extremist/militant attacks.
KICZ A0027/18
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR THE KABUL FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (OAKX).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE KABUL FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OAKX) AND OPERATE ONLY ON ESTABLISHED AIR ROUTES AND AT ALTITUDES AT OR ABOVE FL330 TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE. HIGH ELEVATION TERRAIN IN PARTS OF AFGHANISTAN MAY CREATE THE POTENTIAL FOR SOME OF THE THREATS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH C TO BE ENCOUNTERED AT OR ABOVE FL330 IN THOSE AREAS. SUCH PERSONS SHOULD ALSO MINIMIZE GROUND TIME IN AFGHANISTAN TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. DUE TO ONGOING MILITARY OPERATIONS AND EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, OPERATE ONLY ON ESTABLISHED AIR ROUTES, AVOID OPERATING AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL330, AND MINIMIZE GROUND TIME IN AFGHANISTAN. THE DETERIORATING SECURITY SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN PRESENTS A SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED CONCERN FOR U.S. CIVIL AVIATION INTERESTS, PARTICULARLY FOR AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AND AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT. THERE IS A RISK OF ATTACKS AGAINST U.S. CIVIL AVIATION IN THE KABUL FIR (OAKX). AIRPORTS/AIRFIELDS IN AFGHANISTAN MAY BE TARGETS OF DIRECT ASSAULT AND/OR INDIRECT FIRE AND ARE SUSCEPTIBLE TO INSIDER THREATS. AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AT AIRPORTS/AIRFIELDS HAVE BEEN DAMAGED OR DESTROYED BY INDIRECT ROCKET OR MORTAR FIRE FROM EXTREMIST/MILITANT ATTACKS. AIRCRAFT ARE AT RISK OF ENCOUNTERING ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE AND SHOULDER-FIRED MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS), PARTICULARLY AT LOWER ALTITUDES. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333 OR 1-844-412-1794.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 24 DEC 2019.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT:
HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS

SFC - FL329, 23 DEC 15:50 2018 UNTIL 24 DEC 23:59 2019 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 23 DEC 15:54 2018
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying OAKB/Kabul FIR at less than FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Afghanistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Kabul FIR at less than 25,000 ft above ground level (agl) from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.