Afghanistan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
There is an ongoing war in Afghanistan, which since NATO’s withdrawal in December 2014, has been fought between the state and several factions. Diversion/Landing to Afghanistan – don’t. Nowhere is safe. Overflight advice averages out at a minimum FL250, though as with other mountainous countries we think FL320 is a better starting point. There are comms issues in the Kabul FIR – long periods without ATC contact is possible. Monitor TCAS and Air-to-Air channels.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B1296/20 27 Jul 2020 29 Sep 2020
France AIC 14/20 09 Apr 2020 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0038/20 28 Mar 2020 28 Mar 2021
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 09 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B1296/20
Issued: 27-Jul-20, valid until: 29 Sep 2020
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL330 or above.
B1296/20 (Issued for EDGG EDMM EDWW)
SECURITY AFGHANISTAN POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR KABUL (OAKX)

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR KABUL (OAKX) BELOW FL330 INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY AND FROM BEING SUBJECT TO COLLATERAL DAMAGE DUE TO ATTACKS ON NON-CIVILIAN TARGETS AT ALL AIRPORTS WITHIN FIR KABUL (OAKX).
CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

27 JUL 12:14 2020 UNTIL 28 SEP 23:59 2020. CREATED: 27 JUL 12:14 2020
Source: France
Reference: AIC 14/20
Issued: 09-Apr-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL260 or above.
From 09/04/2020 and until further notice, French air carriers and aircraft owners registered in France are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level above or equal to FL260 in the airspace of Afghanistan (OAKX FIR (KABUL)).
Source: USA
Issued: 28-Mar-20, valid until: 28 Mar 2021
Plain English: Stick to airways, and maintain FL330 or higher. If you have to land at airports in the country, minimise ground time; aircraft on the ground have been damaged or destroyed by indirect rocket or mortar fire from militant attacks.
A0038/20 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR THE KABUL FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (OAKX).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE KABUL FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OAKX) AND OPERATE ONLY ON ESTABLISHED AIR ROUTES AND AT ALTITUDES AT OR ABOVE FL330 TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE. SUCH PERSONS SHOULD ALSO MINIMIZE GROUND TIME IN AFGHANISTAN TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS; COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450; AND TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, PROVIDE TO THE FAA AT FAA-WATCH@FAA.GOV WITH SPECIFIC FLIGHT DETAILS OF PLANNED FIXED WING FLIGHTS TO/FROM AIRPORTS IN THE KABUL FIR AT LEAST 72 HOURS ADVANCE NOTICE.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. DUE TO ONGOING MILITARY OPERATIONS AND EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY, OPERATE ONLY ON ESTABLISHED AIR ROUTES, AVOID OPERATING AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL330, AND MINIMIZE GROUND TIME IN AFGHANISTAN, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE. WHILE OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT, AIRCRAFT ARE PRIMARILY AT RISK OF ENCOUNTERING SMALL-ARMS FIRE, ROCKET-PROPELLED GRENADES, AND ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE. U.S. AND AFGHAN MILITARY AIRCRAFT AND GOVERNMENT CONTRACTED CIVIL AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES HAVE ENCOUNTERED A MULTITUDE OF ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE INCIDENTS. THERE IS ALSO A RISK FROM SHOULDER-FIRED MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS) WHEN OPERATING AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL330.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333. THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 28 MAR 2021. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - FL329, 28 MAR 23:37 2020 UNTIL 28 MAR 23:59 2021 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 28 MAR 23:50 2020
Source: UK
Issued: 09-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying OAKB/Kabul FIR at less than FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Afghanistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Kabul FIR at less than 25,000 ft above ground level (agl) from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.