Pakistan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Couple of issues: Conflict with India in the Kashmir region in the northeastern corner of Pakistan, and concentration of terrorist group representation in the country. Military activity by Pakistan and India in the disputed Kashmir region poses a potential inadvertent risk to aviation at all altitudes, particularly in the OPLR/Lahore FIR. The consensus among foreign authorities is to cross the OPLR/Lahore and OPKR/Karachi FIRs at higher flight levels. Diversion/Landing in Pakistan is recommended against. Avoid operating to OPPS/Peshawar and OPQT/Quetta airports - both are near the border with Afghanistan. OPKC/Karachi Airport was attacked in 2014.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B0058/20 27 Jan 2020 30 Apr 2020
USA Notam KICZ A0034/19 30 Dec 2019 01 Jan 2021
USA US FAA Background Notice 30 Dec 2019 30 Dec 2020
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0058/20
Issued: 27-Jan-20, valid until: 30 Apr 2020
Plain English: Potential risk of attacks at all airports in Pakistan.
B0058/20 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
SECURITY PAKISTAN POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR KARACHI OPKR AND FIR LAHORE OPLR:

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR KARACHI (OPKR) AND FIR LAHORE (OPLR) DUE TO POSSIBLE ATTACKS DURING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

01 FEB 00:00 2020 UNTIL 30 APR 23:59 2020. CREATED: 28 JAN 09:51 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 30-Dec-19, valid until: 01 Jan 2021
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan, particularly at low altitudes, due to the risk posed by small-arms fire, attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire and anti-aircraft fire by extremist/militant elements operating in the country.
A0034/19 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR PAKISTAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. THERE IS A RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATING IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY. THERE CONTINUES TO BE A RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS AND AIRCRAFT, PARTICULARLY FOR AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AND AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT. THE ONGOING PRESENCE OF EXTREMIST/MILITANT ELEMENTS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN POSES A CONTINUED RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM SMALL-ARMS FIRE, COMPLEX ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS, INDIRECT WEAPONS FIRE, AND ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE, ANY OF WHICH COULD OCCUR WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING. WHILE, TO DATE, THERE HAVE BEEN NO REPORTS OF MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS) BEING USED AGAINST CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN, SOME EXTREMIST/MILITANT GROUPS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN ARE SUSPECTED OF HAVING ACCESS TO MANPADS. AS A RESULT, THERE IS A POTENTIAL RISK FOR EXTREMISTS/MILITANTS TO TARGET CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN WITH MANPADS.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 1 JAN 2021.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS

SFC - UNL, 30 DEC 12:55 2019 UNTIL 01 JAN 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 30 DEC 12:50 2019
Source: USA
Issued: 30-Dec-19, valid until: 30 Dec 2020
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan.
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation in the Territory and Airspace of Pakistan

There are continuing risks to U.S. civil aviation operating in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, particularly for aircraft on the ground and aircraft operating at low altitudes, including during the arrival and departure phases of flight, from various extremist/militant groups. For this reason, on 30 Dec 2019, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0036/19, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the territory and airspace of Pakistan. With the ongoing presence of extremist/militant elements operating in Pakistan, there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation from small-arms fire, complex attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire, and anti-aircraft fire, any of which could occur with little or no warning.

Between 2014 and 2019, extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan have demonstrated their ongoing capability and intent to target civil aviation through multiple attacks on aviation infrastructure, including airports. In August 2019, two individuals were arrested for firing small arms directed at a commercial aircraft on approach into Islamabad International Airport (OPIS). In July 2017, media sources reported on extremists’ intent to conduct attacks at Jinnah International Airport (OPKC) in Karachi. In 2015, extremists/militants attacked two remote airfields in Baluchistan Province and one Pakistani Air Force Base in Peshawar, resulting in a number of deaths and injuries. In an August 2015 attack on Jiwani International Airport (OPJI), extremists/militants destroyed an air traffic control radar facility, and in June 2014, extremists/militants attacked OPKC, resulting in over 30 deaths and damage to airport facilities. During several separate incidents in 2014, aircraft on approach into Peshawar’s Bacha Khan International Airport (OPPS) were fired on by small arms, which resulted in one fatality.

In addition to the extremist/militant threat to U.S. civil aviation operations in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, there may be flight disruptions and airspace closures implemented due to clashes in the Kashmir Region with little or no warning. On 26 February 2019, the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control and claimed to have conducted air strikes against Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) extremist/militant training camps, in response to a JeM attack against Indian forces in Indian- administered Kashmir on 14 February. On 27 February 2019, Pakistan carried out retaliatory air strikes on unidentified targets in Indian-administered Kashmir and subsequently claimed to have shot down two Indian fighter jets entering Pakistani airspace. India and Pakistan employ a variety of advanced air-to-air fighter aircraft and surface-to-air missile systems capable of targeting aircraft up to and beyond overflight altitudes typically used by civil aircraft. Although India and Pakistan have no intent to target civil aviation, if military operations were to resume, such operations could present an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation. Historically, Pakistan and neighboring air navigation service providers have managed their airspace appropriately to deconflict and protect civil aviation overflight operations in response to clashes in the Kashmir Region.

While, to date, there have been no reports of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) being used against civil aviation in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, some extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan are suspected of having access to MANPADS. As a result, there is a potential risk for extremists/militants to target civil aviation with MANPADS. Some MANPADS are capable of reaching a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet above ground level.

Posted: 30 Dec 19
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL240 or above.
From 17/01/2015 and until further notice, French carriers are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level equal to or above FL240 in the airspace of Pakistan (OPLR FIR (LAHORE) and OPKR FIR (KARACHI)).
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying OPKC/Karachi and OPLR/Lahore FIRs below FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Pakistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Karachi and Lahore FIRs at less than 25,000 ft above ground (agl) level from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.