Pakistan

Risk Level: Two - Danger exists

[ about risk levels ]
Couple of issues: Conflict with India in the Kashmir region in the northeastern corner of Pakistan, and concentration of terrorist group representation in the country. Military activity by Pakistan and India in the disputed Kashmir region poses a potential inadvertent risk to aviation at all altitudes, particularly in the OPLR/Lahore FIR. The consensus among foreign authorities is to cross the OPLR/Lahore and OPKR/Karachi FIRs at higher flight levels. Diversion/Landing in Pakistan is recommended against. Avoid operating to OPPS/Peshawar and OPQT/Quetta airports - both are near the border with Afghanistan. OPKC/Karachi Airport was attacked in 2014.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B0321/19 04 May 2019 03 Aug 2019
USA Notam KICZ A0008/19 23 Mar 2019 30 Dec 2019
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
USA US FAA Background Notice 30 Dec 2018 30 Dec 2019
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 08 Oct 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0321/19
Issued: 04-May-19, valid until: 03 Aug 2019
Plain English: Potential risk of attacks at all airports in Pakistan.
B0321/19 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
SECURITY PAKISTAN POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR KARACHI OPKR AND FIR LAHORE OPLR:

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR KARACHI (OPKR) AND FIR LAHORE (OPLR) DUE TO POSSIBLE ATTACKS DURING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

04 MAY 00:00 2019 UNTIL 03 AUG 23:59 2019. CREATED: 30 APR 16:45 2019
Source: USA
Issued: 23-Mar-19, valid until: 30 Dec 2019
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan due to extremist and militant activities.
A0008/19 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR PAKISTAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY AND POTENTIAL MILITARY ACTIVITY.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. THERE ARE CONTINUING RISKS TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATING IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY AND POTENTIAL MILITARY ACTIVITY. THESE RISKS INCLUDE EXTREMIST/MILITANT ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS AND AIRCRAFT, PARTICULARLY FOR AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AND AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT. WHILE THERE HAVE BEEN NO REPORTS OF MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS) BEING USED AGAINST CIVIL AVIATION IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN, THERE IS A POTENTIAL RISK FOR EXTREMISTS/MILITANTS TO TARGET CIVIL AVIATION WITH MANPADS. ADDITIONALLY, DUE TO HEIGHTENED TENSIONS IN THE KASHMIR REGION FOLLOWING RECENT MILITARY OPERATIONS ACROSS THE LINE OF CONTROL BETWEEN INDIAN-ADMINISTERED KASHMIR AND PAKISTANI-ADMINISTERED KASHMIR, THE POTENTIAL EXISTS FOR MILITARY ACTIVITY TO RESUME WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING, PRESENTING A POTENTIAL INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS AT ALL ALTITUDES, PARTICULARLY IN THE LAHORE FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OPLR).

D. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333 OR 1-844-412-1794.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 30 DEC 2019.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS

SFC - UNL 23 MAR 02:41 2019 UNTIL 30 DEC 23:59 2019. CREATED: 23 MAR 02:46 2019
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Overflights should be at FL240 or above.
From 17/01/2015 and until further notice, French carriers are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level equal to or above FL240 in the airspace of Pakistan (OPLR FIR (LAHORE) and OPKR FIR (KARACHI)).
Source: USA
Issued: 30-Dec-18, valid until: 30 Dec 2019
Plain English: Exercise caution flying into or over Pakistan.
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation in the Territory and Airspace of Pakistan

There are continuing risks to U.S. civil aviation operating in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, particularly for aircraft on the ground and aircraft operating at low altitudes, including during the arrival and departure phases of flight, from various extremist/militant groups. For this reason, on 30 Dec 2018, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0029/18, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the territory and airspace of Pakistan. With the ongoing presence of extremist/militant elements operating in Pakistan, there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation from small-arms fire, complex attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire, and anti-aircraft fire, any of which could occur with little or no warning.

Between 2014 and 2018, extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan, have demonstrated their ongoing capability and intent to target civil aviation through multiple attacks on aviation infrastructure, including airports. In July 2017, media sources reported on extremists’ intent to conduct attacks at Jinnah International Airport (OPKC) in Karachi. In 2015, extremists/militants attacked two remote airfields in Baluchistan Province and one Pakistani Air Force Base in Peshawar, resulting in a number of deaths and injuries. In an August 2015 attack on Jiwani International Airport (OPJI), extremists/militants destroyed an air traffic control radar facility, and in June 2014, extremists/militants attacked Jinnah International Airport (OPKC), resulting in over 30 deaths and damage to airport facilities. During several separate incidents in 2014, aircraft on approach into Peshawar’s Bacha Khan International Airport (OPPS) were fired on by small arms, which resulted in one fatality.

Additionally, cross-border tensions in the Kashmir region can escalate with little or no warning and may result in temporary airspace restrictions being issued by the air navigation service providers responsible for managing that airspace.

While, to date, there have been no reports of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) being used against civil aviation in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, some extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan are suspected of having access to MANPADS. As a result, there is a potential risk for extremists/militants to target civil aviation with MANPADS. Some MANPADS are capable of reaching a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet above ground level.

Posted: 30 Dec 18
Source: UK
Issued: 08-Oct-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to aircraft overflying OPKC/Karachi and OPLR/Lahore FIRs below FL250.
Hazardous Situation in Pakistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Karachi and Lahore FIRs at less than 25,000 ft above ground (agl) level from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.