Libya

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
On 23rd Oct 2019, the U.S. issued an emergency order prohibiting U.S. operators from flying in Libyan airspace. This follows months of civil war in Libya, with militia from the East mounting a campaign to seize control of Tripoli, including HLLM airport, and threatening to shoot down aircraft operating in western Libya.

In recent months there have been a number of airstrikes targeting HLLM/Mitiga airport, the latest coming on Aug 15, which reportedly killed two people and forced the airport to close. There are videos on social media showing planes landing at the airport as shells are falling in the background.

Risk remains high across Libya at all flight levels, and avoidance of all airspace and airports is strongly recommended.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Malta Notam A1295/19 25 Oct 2019 25 Jan 2020
USA Notam KICZ A0026/19 24 Oct 2019 Ongoing
USA US FAA Background Notice 24 Oct 2019 Ongoing
Germany Notam B0872/19 23 Sep 2019 24 Dec 2019
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 12 Jun 2015 Ongoing
Source: Malta
Reference: Notam A1295/19
Issued: 25-Oct-19, valid until: 25 Jan 2020
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (between 11-16 degrees East, and 30-34 degrees North), and any aircraft departing from Libyan airports will be denied landing in Malta.
A1295/19
TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE RECENT ESCALATION OF THE CRISIS IN LIBYA, ITS CONTINUOUS EVOLUTION AND THE POTENTIAL RISK TO CIVIL AVIATION, ALL FLIGHTS CONDUCTED BY AIRCRAFT ON THE MALTESE REGISTER AND, ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATED BY ORGANISATIONS CERTIFIED BY THE CIVIL AVIATION DIRECTORATE, ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING WITHIN TRIPOLI FIR (HLLL) BETWEEN LATITUDES N30DEG AND N34DEG, AND LONGITUDE E11DEG AND E16DEG. THIS INCLUDES FLIGHTS INTO (BUT NOT LIMITED TO) HLLT, HLZW, HLMS, HLLM, HLGD AND HLLS AERODROMES.

ANY AIRCRAFT DEPARTING FROM HLLT, HLZW, HLMS, HLLM, HLGD AND HLLS WILL BE DENIED LANDING IN MALTESE TERRITORY.

EXEMPTIONS: FLIGHTS OPERATING STRICTLY FOR HUMANITARIAN REASONS ARE EXEMPT FROM THIS RESTRICTION. SUCH FLIGHTS SHALL BE SUBJECT TO PRIOR PERMISSION FROM THE CIVIL AVIATION DIRECTORATE. OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED TO APPLY FOR AND PROVIDE A SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT ON EMAIL: DUTYOFFICER.CAD(AT)TRANSPORT.GOV.MT

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY WHICH REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

25 OCT 05:30 2019 UNTIL 25 JAN 05:30 2020.
Source: USA
Issued: 24-Oct-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: U.S. operators are prohibited from flying in Libyan airspace
A0026/19 (Issued for KICZ) - SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF LIBYA.

ALL FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF LIBYA BY THE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE PROHIBITED UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED DUE TO THE HAZARDOUS SITUATION CREATED BY THE EXPANDING CONFLICT IN LIBYA.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF LIBYA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION OF OPERATIONS.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

D. THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A) AND 46105(C). THIS FLIGHT PROHIBITION IS IN ADDITION TO SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 112- PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TRIPOLI FIR (HLLL), WHICH REMAINS IN EFFECT. THIS NOTAM WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL SUCH TIME AS TITLE 14, CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, SECTION 91.1603, SFAR NO. 112, IS UPDATED, UNLESS SOONER SUPERSEDED OR RESCINDED.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL 23 OCT 22:45 2019 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 23 OCT 22:38 2019
Source: USA
Issued: 24-Oct-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: U.S. operators are prohibited from flying in Libyan airspace
Due to the geographic expansion of the ongoing conflict between the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord and the Tobruk-based Libyan National Army (LNA) for control over Libya’s government, territory and resources, the FAA assesses there is an unacceptable inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation operations at all altitudes in the territory and airspace of Libya.

As a result, on 23 October 2019, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0026/19, prohibiting U.S. civil flight operations at all altitudes in the territory and airspace of Libya. This all-altitude flight prohibition is in addition to Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 112— Prohibition Against Certain Flights in the Tripoli Flight Information Region (FIR) (HLLL), which prohibits all flights by U.S. civil operators and airmen at altitudes below Flight level (FL) 300 in the entire Tripoli FIR (HLLL), which includes the international airspace over the southern Mediterranean Sea that is managed by Libya. Cumulatively, the result is that U.S. civil operators and airmen may only operate in the Tripoli FIR (HLLL) if they remain outside the territory and airspace of Libya and at altitudes at or above FL300, unless they have received an exemption or approval from the FAA.

The FAA is concerned about the risks to U.S. civil aviation from the expanding conflict, which includes international involvement. Foreign state actors continue to provide material and technical assistance to rival factions, including surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), and jamming equipment. Since mid-2019, each side has conducted air strikes, utilizing both tactical combat aircraft and long-range UAS. These attacks have targeted military air fields co-located with international civil airports. As a result, each side has employed antiaircraft weapons to defend against these air strikes, as displayed in September, when the LNA reportedly shot down a foreign-operated UAS during an attempted attack on the airbase at Jufra.

Both sides in the Libyan conflict have increasingly employed UAS to conduct air strikes. Foreign-operated armed UAS have conducted multiple strikes on competing airports/airbases, resulting in the destruction of multiple parked aircraft, including civil transport aircraft. These strikes could lead to an increased air defense posture, including advanced SAM capabilities, to protect airport/airbase operations and/or fielded forces. Also, both GNA and LNA forces have access to advanced man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), anti-aircraft artillery, and possible training, technical, and material support from international partners.

Both sides possess anti-aircraft artillery and man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), some of which have a maximum altitude of 25,000 ft. However, more advanced, higher-altitude air defense systems are reportedly in Libya. As of mid-June, a Pantsir S-1 (SA-22) surface-to-airmissile (SAM) system was reportedly deployed to defend Jufra. The SA-22 has an effective range of 20 km (10.8 nm) and a maximum altitude of 15,000 m (49,000 ft). The SA-22 may be relocated in response to the dynamic threat environment, and may be repositioned to defend the base at Al Khadim with little or no warning.

During 2019, increased air strikes prompted GNA- and LNA-aligned forces to increase force protection measures, such as jamming, air strikes, and use of SAM systems capable of reaching as high as 49,000 ft. In addition, air strikes have also prompted LNA-aligned forces to redeploy longrange UAS and SAMs to locations outside the area of northwestern Libya where they had previously been located. The re-location of these SAMs presents an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation at altitudes above FL300. In addition, GNA- and LNA-aligned forces may expand their use of UAS air strikes to attack opposition aircraft at airbases that are usually co-located with international civil airports, presenting a risk to civil aircraft operating at or near such airports. While the anti-aircraft capabilities and jamming are likely intended to defend against military aircraft, an inadvertent risk remains for U.S. civil aviation operations at all altitudes in the territory and airspace of Libya due to potential miscalculation or misidentification and the mobility of some of the advanced weapons systems involved. Increased foreign involvement has resulted in increased inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation operations due to command and control and airspace deconfliction challenges, increased lethality of UAS operations, and the introduction of more advanced, higher-altitude anti-aircraft systems.

The FAA will continue to monitor risks to U.S. civil aviation operating the territory and airspace of Libya and the Tripoli FIR (HLLL) and make adjustments to its prohibition on U.S. civil aviation operations as necessary.
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0872/19
Issued: 23-Sep-19, valid until: 24 Dec 2019
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (west of 18 degrees East, and north of 26 degrees North) at all flight levels; overflights for the rest of the country should be at FL260 or above.
B0872/19 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
SECURITY LIBYA POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR TRIPOLI HLLL.

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY PROHIBITS CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN FIR TRIPOLI (HLLL) BETWEEN LATITUDES N26 DEG AND N34 DEG AND WEST OF LONGITUDE E18 DEG TILL FIR BOUNDARY TRIPOLI (HLLL). FOR THE REMAINING PART OF FIR TRIPOLI (HLLL) FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ADVISES CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS NOT TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS BELOW FL260 INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS DUE TO POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AND ARMED CONFLICTS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

FURTHER INFORMATION: WEBSITE OF THE FEDERAL MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF GERMANY (https://www.bmvi.de/DE/Themen/Mobilitaet/Luft/Krisenmanagement/krisenmanagement.html).

27 SEP 00:00 2019 UNTIL 24 DEC 23:59 2019. CREATED: 23 SEP 14:00 2019
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should avoid Libyan airspace.
From 31/07/2014 and until further notice, French carriers are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into the airspace of Libya (HLLL FIR (TRIPOLI))
Source: UK
Issued: 12-Jun-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should avoid Libyan airspace.
Hazardous Situation in Libya

Potential risk to aviation overflying from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry. In accordance with Direction under the Aviation Security Act 1982, UK registered operators so served shall not enter the territory and airspace (including Tripoli FIR) of the State of Libya.

UK operators not currently subject to direction under the Aviation Security Act should contact UK Department for Transport (DfT) before operating in this area.