Libya

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
In April 2019, Libya was plunged into civil war again, with militia from the East mounting a campaign to seize control of Tripoli, including HLLM airport, and threatening to shoot down aircraft operating in western Libya. Risk remains high across Libya at all flight levels, and avoidance of all airspace and airports is strongly recommended.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
Germany Notam B0549/19 26 Jun 2019 26 Sep 2019
Malta Notam A0525/19 30 Apr 2019 31 Jul 2019
USA Notam KICZ A0012/19 08 Apr 2019 08 Apr 2020
USA US FAA Background Notice 08 Apr 2019 08 Apr 2020
USA SFAR 112 19 Mar 2019 19 Mar 2020
France AIC 03/19 24 Jan 2019 Ongoing
UK UK AIP ENR 1.1 (1.4.5) 12 Jun 2015 Ongoing
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0549/19
Issued: 26-Jun-19, valid until: 26 Sep 2019
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (west of 18 degrees East, and north of 26 degrees North) at all flight levels; overflights for the rest of the country should be at FL260 or above.
B0549/19 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)
SECURITY LIBYA POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR TRIPOLI HLLL.

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY PROHIBITS CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS WITHIN FIR TRIPOLI (HLLL) BETWEEN LATITUDES N26 DEG AND N34 DEG AND WEST OF LONGITUDE E18 DEG TILL FIR BOUNDARY TRIPOLI (HLLL). FOR THE REMAINING PART OF FIR TRIPOLI (HLLL) FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ADVISES CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS NOT TO PLAN AND CONDUCT FLIGHTS BELOW FL260 INCLUDING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS DUE TO POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AND ARMED CONFLICTS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

26 JUN 12:43 2019 UNTIL 26 SEP 23:59 2019. CREATED: 26 JUN 12:44 2019
Source: Malta
Reference: Notam A0525/19
Issued: 30-Apr-19, valid until: 31 Jul 2019
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (between 11-16 degrees East, and 30-34 degrees North), and any aircraft departing from HLLT, HLZW, HLMS, HLLM, HLGD and HLLS airports will be denied landing in Malta.
A0525/19
TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE RECENT ESCALATION OF THE CRISIS IN LIBYA, ITS CONTINUOUS EVOLUTION AND THE POTENTIAL RISK TO CIVIL AVIATION, ALL FLIGHTS CONDUCTED BY AIRCRAFT ON THE MALTESE REGISTER AND, ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATED BY ORGANISATIONS CERTIFIED BY THE CIVIL AVIATION DIRECTORATE, ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING WITHIN TRIPOLI FIR (HLLL) BETWEEN LATITUDES N30DEG AND N34DEG, AND LONGITUDE E11DEG AND E16DEG. THIS INCLUDES FLIGHTS INTO (BUT NOT LIMITED TO) HLLT, HLZW, HLMS, HLLM, HLGD AND HLLS AERODROMES.

ANY AIRCRAFT DEPARTING FROM HLLT, HLZW, HLMS, HLLM, HLGD AND HLLS WILL BE DENIED LANDING IN MALTESE TERRITORY.

EXEMPTIONS: FLIGHTS OPERATING STRICTLY FOR HUMANITARIAN REASONS ARE EXEMPT FROM THIS RESTRICTION. SUCH FLIGHTS SHALL BE SUBJECT TO PRIOR PERMISSION FROM THE CIVIL AVIATION DIRECTORATE. OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED TO APPLY FOR AND PROVIDE A SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT ON EMAIL: DUTYOFFICER.CAD(AT)TRANSPORT.GOV.MT

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY WHICH REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY. 30 APR 07:25 2019 UNTIL 31 JUL 12:00 2019.
Source: USA
Issued: 08-Apr-19, valid until: 08 Apr 2020
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (west of 17 degrees East and north of 29 degrees North) at all flight levels; overflights for the rest of the country must be at FL300 or above.
A0012/19 (Issued for KICZ) - SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FLIGHT PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF LIBYA

ALL FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF LIBYA BY THE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE PROHIBITED AT ALL ALTITUDES FROM WEST OF 17 DEGREES EAST LONGITUDE AND NORTH OF 29 DEGREES NORTH LATITUDE UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED DUE TO THE ONGOING MILITARY CONFLICT IN LIBYA. THIS FLIGHT PROHIBITION IS IN ADDITION TO SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 112- PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TRIPOLI FIR (HLLL), WHICH REMAINS IN EFFECT. THIS NOTAM WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL SUCH TIME AS TITLE 14, CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, SECTION 91.1603, SFAR NO. 112 IS UPDATED.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.‐REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A) AND 46105(C).

SFC - UNL 06 APR 18:15 2019 UNTIL PERM. CREATED:06 APR 18:14 2019
Source: USA
Issued: 08-Apr-19, valid until: 08 Apr 2020
Plain English: Flights are prohibited in the north-west part of the country (west of 17 degrees East and north of 29 degrees North) at all flight levels; overflights for the rest of the country must be at FL300 or above.
The FAA is concerned about increased tensions associated with the current conflict for control of the capital, Tripoli. Libya National Army (LNA) forces have begun operations aimed at seizing control of Tripoli, including Tripoli International Airport. The Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA), with support of militias, has conducted counterattacks, including tactical airstrikes on LNA forces. LNA has declared a military zone and is threatening to shoot down aircraft operating in Western Libya.
 
Both GNA and advancing LNA forces have access to advanced man portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and likely anti-aircraft artillery. These ground-based weapon systems present a risk to aircraft, but only at altitudes below FL300. LNA forces have tactical aircraft capable of intercepting aircraft at altitudes at and above FL300 within the self-declared military zone in Western Libya, which may present an inadvertent risk to civil aviation operations in Western Libya. While the LNA tactical aircraft threat is likely intended for GNA military aircraft, an inadvertent risk remains for civil aviation at all altitudes due to potential miscalculation or misidentification. This risk necessitates an all-altitude flight prohibition for the geographic area specified in this Notam (A0012/19).
Source: USA
Reference: SFAR 112
Issued: 19-Mar-19, valid until: 19 Mar 2020
Plain English: US operators are permitted to overfly the HLLL FIR at FL300 or above (except the area in the north-eastern part of the country, as outlined in Notam KICZ A0012/19).
This action extends, with modifications to reflect changed conditions in Libya, the prohibition against certain U.S. civil flight operations in the Tripoli FIR (HLLL) by all: U.S. air carriers; U.S. commercial operators; persons exercising the privileges of an airman certificate issued by the FAA, except when such persons are operating U.S.-registered aircraft for a foreign air carrier; and operators of U.S.-registered civil aircraft, except where the operator of such aircraft is a foreign air carrier, from March 20, 2019, to March 20, 2021.

The FAA finds that security and safety conditions in the Tripoli FIR (HLLL) at altitudes at or above FL300 support allowing U.S. civil overflight operations at cruising altitudes at or above FL300 to resume. Extremist/militant elements operating in Libya are believed not to possess anti-aircraft weapons capable of threatening U.S. civil aviation operations at or above FL260, and there is a lower risk of civil-military deconfliction concerns at cruising altitudes at or above FL300.

However, the FAA finds the extension of the prohibition on U.S. civil aviation operations in the Tripoli FIR (HLLL) at altitudes below FL300 is necessary to safeguard against continuing hazards to U.S. civil aviation associated with ongoing political instability, fighting involving various militia/extremist/militant elements, and military activity by foreign sponsors supporting various elements operating in Libya.
Source: France
Reference: AIC 03/19
Issued: 24-Jan-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Operators should avoid Libyan airspace.
From 31/07/2014 and until further notice, French carriers are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into the airspace of Libya (HLLL FIR (TRIPOLI))
Source: UK
Issued: 12-Jun-15, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Potential risk to overflying Libya airspace.
Hazardous Situation in Libya

Potential risk to aviation overflying from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry. In accordance with Direction under the Aviation Security Act 1982, UK registered operators so served shall not enter the territory and airspace (including Tripoli FIR) of the State of Libya.

UK operators not currently subject to direction under the Aviation Security Act should contact UK Department for Transport (DfT) before operating in this area.