Iran

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

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The shooting down of Ukraine Int Airlines flight 752 has been confirmed by Iran to have been carried out by the Iranian Armed Forces, having mistaken the aircraft radar return for an inbound missile to Tehran.

As clarity of cause emerged, many countries have slowly issued warnings to avoid the airspace of Iran and Iraq. We now classify both these countries as Level 1 - Do Not Fly airspace. Tehran and Baghdad FIRs are off limits. Operating to airports in either Iraq or Iran is equally unadvisable.

Just hours prior to the shoot-down of the Ukraine Int Airlines flight in Tehran on Jan 8, the US FAA issued “Emergency Order” Notams banning all US operators from overflying the airspace of Iraq and Iran. This was in response to an Iranian missile strike on US military bases in Iraq, which had just occurred the same night.

Other countries have since issued warnings: the UK, Ukraine, Canada, Germany, and France.

Most airlines other than Middle Eastern carriers have now stopped overflying Iran entirely. The aviation security picture in the Middle East, already fragile and unstable, is now unpredictable. For many operators, you may be starting to use routes that are unfamiliar and not before flown. Take the time to ensure your crews have the full package of charts, are aware of the risks in each FIR, are aware of the potential for GPS outages enroute (especially in the Turkish FIR), and have considered drift down over mountainous areas on the northerly routes.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
France Notam F0511/20 31 Mar 2020 09 Apr 2020
USA Notam KICZ A0016/20 17 Feb 2020 Ongoing
USA US FAA Background Notice 07 Feb 2020 Ongoing
Germany Notam B0056/20 28 Jan 2020 30 Apr 2020
UK Notam V0005/20 17 Jan 2020 17 Apr 2020
Ukraine Notam A0068/20 14 Jan 2020 09 Apr 2020
Canada Notam H0047/20 11 Jan 2020 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0002/20 08 Jan 2020 Ongoing
Italy Notam LIXX A4578/2019 22 Jun 2019 19 Sep 2019
India DGCA Notice 22JUN19 22 Jun 2019 Ongoing
UAE Safety Decision 2019-04 21 Jun 2019 Ongoing
Source: France
Reference: Notam F0511/20
Issued: 31-Mar-20, valid until: 09 Apr 2020
Plain English: French operators should avoid Iranian airspace west of 54 Degrees East longitude. In the area east of this line, flights should stay at or above FL320.
F0511/20 (Issued for LFBB LFEE LFFF LFMM LFRR)
FRENCH AIR CARRIERS AND AIRCRAFT OWNERS REGISTERED IN FRANCE ARE REQUESTED NOT TO LET THEIR AIRCRAFT ENTER OIIX FIR (TEHERAN) PART LOCATED 'WEST' OF MERIDIAN 54 AND TAKE CARE THEIR ACFT ALWAYS MAINTAIN A FLIGHT LEVEL MORE THAN OR EQUAL TO FL320 WITHIN OIIX FIR (TEHERAN) PART LOCATED 'EAST' OF MERIDIAN 54.
31 MAR 10:05 2020 UNTIL 09 APR 23:59 2020. CREATED: 31 MAR 10:06 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 17-Feb-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators should exercise caution in the overwater airspace in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Avoid the airways nearest to the OIIX/Tehran FIR whenever possible, to reduce the risk of miscalculation or misidentification by air defence systems.
A0016/20 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW SHOULD EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN OPERATING IN OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN IN THE KUWAIT FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OKAC), JEDDAH FIR (OEJD) , BAHRAIN FIR (OBBB), EMIRATES FIR (OMAE), AND MUSCAT FIR (OOMM) DUE TO CONTINUED ELEVATED MILITARY POSTURING AND POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE REGION.

NOTAM KICZ A0002/20, WHICH PROHIBITS U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS IN THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX), REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S. REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO OPERATE IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. AVOID AIR ROUTES NEAREST TO THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX) BOUNDARY, WHENEVER POSSIBLE, TO REDUCE THE RISK OF MISCALCULATION OR MISIDENTIFICATION BY AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS. ADDITIONALLY, AIRCRAFT OPERATING IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MAY ENCOUNTER INADVERTENT GPS INTERFERENCE AND OTHER COMMUNICATIONS JAMMING, WHICH COULD OCCUR WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL, 17 FEB 19:54 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 17 FEB 20:00 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 07-Feb-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from overflying Iran
Iran has de-escalated its military posture in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as of early February 2020. Given this de-escalation, the FAA assesses there is sufficiently reduced risk of Iranian military miscalculation or misidentification that could affect U.S. civil aviation operations in the overwater airspace above the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the Kuwait Flight Information Region (FIR) (OKAC), Jeddah FIR (OEJD), Bahrain FIR (OBBB), Emirates FIR (OMAE), and Muscat FIR (OOMM) to permit U.S. civil flight operations to resume.

While the risk to U.S. civil aviation operations in the above-named area has decreased, military posturing and political tensions in the region remain elevated, and there remains some inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation operations due to the potential for miscalculation or misidentification. As a result, on 14 Feb 2020, the FAA issued Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0014/20 (reissued on 17 Feb as A0016/20) permitting U.S. civil flight operations to resume in the above-named area while advising operators to exercise caution and to avoid operating on air routes nearest to the Tehran FIR (OIIX) boundary whenever possible. The situation in the region remains fluid and could quickly escalate if circumstances change.

The 8 January 2020 accidental shoot down of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 shortly after takeoff from Tehran’s Imam Khomeini International Airport (OIIE)tragically highlights the airspace deconfliction concerns, which pose an inadvertent risk to civil aviation from air defense engagements during periods of heightened tensions and associated military activity.Following the accidental shoot down, the region has seen a lowering of tensions, despite Iran’s continued air defense coverage along its southern coast. In June 2019, there were two incidents of surface-to-air missile fire from the southern coast of Iran targeting U.S. unmanned aircraft systems operating in the Gulf of Oman.

Iran possesses a wide variety of anti-aircraft-capable weapons, including surface-to-air missile systems (SAMs), man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and fighter aircraft capable of conducting aircraft interception operations. Some of the anti-aircraft-capable weapons have ranges that encompass key international air routes over the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Although Iran likely has no intention to target civil aircraft, the presence of multiple long-range, advanced anti-aircraft-capable weapons in a tense environment poses a risk of miscalculation or misidentification, especially during periods of heightened political tension and military activity.

There is also the potential for Iran to use Global Positioning System (GPS) jammers and other communications jamming capabilities, which may inadvertently affect their command and control capabilities and potentially pose a risk to U.S. civil aviation operating in the above-named area.

The FAA will continue to monitor the risk environment for U.S. civil aviation operating in the region and make adjustments, as appropriate, to safeguard U.S. civil aviation.

Posted: 7 Feb 2020
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0056/20
Issued: 28-Jan-20, valid until: 30 Apr 2020
Plain English: Exercise caution in the Tehran FIR
B0056/20 (Issued for EDWW EDMM EDGG)
SECURITY - IRAN - POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR TEHRAN (OIIX).

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR TEHRAN (OIIX) FROM ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

31 JAN 23:59 2020 UNTIL 30 APR 23:59 2020. CREATED: 27 JAN 18:04 2020
Source: UK
Reference: Notam V0005/20
Issued: 17-Jan-20, valid until: 17 Apr 2020
Plain English: UK operators should not overfly the Tehran FIR below 25,000ft AGL
V0005/20 (Issued for EGTT EGPX EGGX)

AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN IRAN. POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION OVERFLYING IRANIAN AIRSPACE FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY. OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO AVOID OPERATING AT LESS THAN 25,000FT ABOVE GROUND LEVEL (AGL) IN THE TEHRAN FIR. FOR INFORMATION CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT +44 (0)207-944 6322 OR +44 (0)207-944 5999 OUT OF HOURS. 2020-01-0122/AS4.

SFC - UNL, 17 JAN 22:00 2020 UNTIL 17 APR 17:00 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 17 JAN 22:03 2020
Source: Ukraine
Reference: Notam A0068/20
Issued: 14-Jan-20, valid until: 09 Apr 2020
Plain English: Ukranian operators are prohibited from overflying Iran
A0068/20
(Issued for UKBV UKDV UKFV UKLV UKOV)

ACCORDING TO THE SAFETY DIRECTIVE OF THE STATE AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OF UKRAINE NUMBER 2020-01 DATED 08.01.2020 UKRAINIAN AIR OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED TO PERFORM FLIGHTS WITHIN AIRSPACE OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN AND REPUBLIC OF IRAQ.

14 JAN 09:00 2020 UNTIL 09 APR 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 14 JAN 09:03 2020
Source: Canada
Reference: Notam H0047/20
Issued: 11-Jan-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Canadian operators advised not to enter the airspace of Iran
H0047/20 (Issued for CZUL CZQM CZQX)
AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE VOLATILE SECURITY SITUATION IN IRAN.

POTENTIAL RISK FROM HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITY AND DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY IN IRAN. AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED NOT TO ENTER THE AIRSPACE OF IRAN, INCLUDING THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX).

11 JAN 02:21 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 11 JAN 02:21 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 08-Jan-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from overflying Iran
KICZ A0002/20

SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABLITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX) DUE TO HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, WHICH PRESENT AN INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION OR MIS-IDENTIFICATION.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C).

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTP://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC – UNL, 08 JAN 00:10 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 08 JAN 00:07 2020
Source: Italy
Issued: 22-Jun-19, valid until: 19 Sep 2019
Plain English: Unsafe situation in Persian Gulf
A4578/19 (Issued for LIBB LIMM LIRR)
AIRCRAFT OPERATORS WHEN PLANNING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN, OVER THE PERSIAN GULF, THE GULF OF OMAN AND IRANIAN AIRSPACE/FIR THERAN (OIIX), SHALL TAKE INTO SERIOUS CONSIDERATION THE UNSAFE RISKY SITUATION POSED TO AIR OPERATIONS BY ONGOING IRANIAN POLITICAL TENSIONS AND UNANNOUNCED HIGH INTENSITY MILITARY ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED TO MISSILE LAUNCHES RMK: LATEST OPERATIONAL INFORMATION ON AIRSPACE CLOSURES AND WARNINGS ARE AVAILABLE THROUGH NETWORK MANAGER WEBSITE 'NOP PORTAL' (PROTECTED VERSION REQUIRED PASSWORD).
22 JUN 21:32 2019 UNTIL 19 SEP 23:59 2019 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 22 JUN 21:33 2019
Source: India
Issued: 22-Jun-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Indian aircraft operators required to avoid 'affected' part of Iranian airspace.
From DGCA India: All Indian operators in consultation with DGCA have decided to avoid the affected part of Iranian Airspace to ensure safe travel for the passengers. They will re-route flights suitably.
Source: UAE
Issued: 21-Jun-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to UAE Operators over Gulf, required to conduct risk assessment for overwater area of Tehran FIR.
Due to recent heightened military activities and increased tensions above certain areas of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The UAE GCAA have been closely monitoring and assessing the situation in the regions to determine possible impact on the safe Air Operation. And since there may be an unintentional risk to UAE Operators operating in specific areas over the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in Tehran FIR, this Safety Decision was issued for the interest of safety of Civil Aviation.



REQUIREMENTS: With immediate effect, All UAE Air Operators are required to conduct risk assessments in accordance with their GCAA approved procedures on the operation in the overwater area of Tehran (OIIX) Flight Information Region over the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. The risk assessments shall take in to account the available information concerning the operation in to the subject areas and the dynamic nature of the situation to determine the necessary measures and mitigations which must be taken Into consideration prior to and during operating in the areas referenced in this Safety Decision.



All UAE Air Operators shall continuously monitor and assess the situation and shall immediately report to GCAA any anomalies or unsafe conditions related to this Safety Decision. The UAE GCAA will keep monitoring the situation and issue further instruction if required.