Iran

Risk Level: One - Do Not Fly

[ about risk levels ]
The shooting down of Ukraine Int Airlines flight 752 has been confirmed by Iran to have been carried out by the Iranian Armed Forces, having mistaken the aircraft radar return for an inbound missile to Tehran.

As clarity of cause emerged, many countries have slowly issued warnings to avoid the airspace of Iran and Iraq. We now classify both these countries as Level 1 - Do Not Fly airspace. Tehran and Baghdad FIRs are off limits. Operating to airports in either Iraq or Iran is equally unadvisable.

Just hours prior to the shoot-down of the Ukraine Int Airlines flight in Tehran on Jan 8, the US FAA issued “Emergency Order” Notams banning all US operators from overflying the airspace of Iraq and Iran. This was in response to an Iranian missile strike on US military bases in Iraq, which had just occurred the same night.

Other countries have since issued warnings: the UK, Ukraine, Canada, Germany, and France.

Most airlines other than Middle Eastern carriers have now stopped overflying Iran entirely. The aviation security picture in the Middle East, already fragile and unstable, is now unpredictable. For many operators, you may be starting to use routes that are unfamiliar and not before flown. Take the time to ensure your crews have the full package of charts, are aware of the risks in each FIR, are aware of the potential for GPS outages enroute (especially in the Turkish FIR), and have considered drift down over mountainous areas on the northerly routes.

Current warnings list :

Source Reference Issued Valid to
UK Notam V0005/20 17 Jan 2020 17 Apr 2020
USA Notam KICZ A0010/20 15 Jan 2020 Ongoing
France Notam F0050/20 14 Jan 2020 22 Jan 2020
Ukraine Notam A0068/20 14 Jan 2020 09 Apr 2020
Germany Notam B0028/20 13 Jan 2020 31 Jan 2020
Canada Notam H0047/20 11 Jan 2020 Ongoing
USA Notam KICZ A0002/20 08 Jan 2020 Ongoing
Italy Notam LIXX A4578/2019 22 Jun 2019 19 Sep 2019
India DGCA Notice 22JUN19 22 Jun 2019 Ongoing
UAE Safety Decision 2019-04 21 Jun 2019 Ongoing
USA US FAA Background Notice 21 Jun 2019 Ongoing
USA US FAA Background Notice 09 Sep 2018 09 Sep 2019
Source: UK
Reference: Notam V0005/20
Issued: 17-Jan-20, valid until: 17 Apr 2020
Plain English: UK operators should not overfly the Tehran FIR below 25,000ft AGL
V0005/20 (Issued for EGTT EGPX EGGX)

AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN IRAN. POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION OVERFLYING IRANIAN AIRSPACE FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY. OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO AVOID OPERATING AT LESS THAN 25,000FT ABOVE GROUND LEVEL (AGL) IN THE TEHRAN FIR. FOR INFORMATION CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT +44 (0)207-944 6322 OR +44 (0)207-944 5999 OUT OF HOURS. 2020-01-0122/AS4.

SFC - UNL, 17 JAN 22:00 2020 UNTIL 17 APR 17:00 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 17 JAN 22:03 2020
Source: USA
Issued: 15-Jan-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from overflying the overwater airspace in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, with some exceptions: Airports in Bahrain and Qatar, and specific airports in the UAE, as well as through the overwater part of the OOMM/Muscat FIR south of airway M628.
A0010/20 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING IN THE OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH B (PERMITTED OPERATIONS) BELOW, DUE TO HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, WHICH PRESENT AN INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION OR MIS-IDENTIFICATION.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHEN THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA AS FOLLOWS:

1. OPERATIONS CONDUCTED INTO AND OUT OF THE COUNTRIES LISTED IN PARAGRAPHS B.2 AND B.3 BELOW, IN THE BAHRAIN (OBBB), EMIRATES (OMAE), AND MUSCAT (OOMM) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIRS), ARE PERMITTED, SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPHS B.2, B.3, AND B.4 BELOW.
2. OPERATIONS MAY BE CONDUCTED INTO AND OUT OF AIRPORTS IN THE COUNTRIES OF QATAR AND BAHRAIN, PROVIDED OPERATORS ARE ON A PUBLISHED INSTRUMENT PROCEDURE OR UNDER THE DIRECTION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, MINIMIZE OVERWATER OPERATIONS TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, AND ARE PROHIBITED FROM ENTERING THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX) (SEE NOTAM KICZ A0002/20).
3. OPERATIONS MAY BE CONDUCTED INTO AND OUT OF THE FOLLOWING AIRPORTS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: ABU DHABI (OMAA/OMAM), AL BATEEN (OMAD) , AL AIN (OMAL), DALMA ISLAND (OMDL), DUBAI (OMDB), DUBAI AL MAKTOUM (OMDW), FUJAIRAH (OMFJ), RAS AL-KHAIMAH (OMRK), SHARJAH (OMSJ), AND SIR BANI YAS (OMBY), PROVIDED OPERATORS ARE ON A PUBLISHED INSTRUMENT PROCEDURE OR UNDER THE DIRECTION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, MINIMIZE OVERWATER OPERATIONS TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, AND ARE PROHIBITED FROM ENTERING THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX) (SEE NOTAM KICZ A0002/20).
4. FOR OPERATIONS IN THE MUSCAT FIR (OOMM), FLIGHT OPERATIONS MAY BE CONDUCTED OVERWATER SOUTH OF M628. USE OF M628 IN OVERWATER AREAS IN THE MUSCAT FIR (OOMM) IS NOT AUTHORIZED.
5. OPERATIONS NOT AUTHORIZED UNDER PARAGRAPHS B.1-B.4 MAY BE CONDUCTED IF SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA, OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.


C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C).

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL, 15 JAN 20:28 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 15 JAN 20:28 2020
Source: France
Reference: Notam F0050/20
Issued: 14-Jan-20, valid until: 22 Jan 2020
Plain English: French operators should not overfly Iran
F0050/20
(Issued for LFBB LFEE LFFF LFMM LFRR) - FRENCH AIR CARRIERS ARE REQUESTED NOT TO AUTHORIZE THEIR AIRCRAFT TO PENETRATE INTO THE AIRSPACE OF IRAQ (FIR ORBB (BAGHDAD) ) AND IRAN (FIR OIIX (TEHERAN).

SFC - UNL, 14 JAN 14:05 2020 UNTIL 22 JAN 23:59 2020. CREATED: 14 JAN 14:06 2020
Source: Ukraine
Reference: Notam A0068/20
Issued: 14-Jan-20, valid until: 09 Apr 2020
Plain English: Ukranian operators are prohibited from overflying Iran
A0068/20
(Issued for UKBV UKDV UKFV UKLV UKOV)

ACCORDING TO THE SAFETY DIRECTIVE OF THE STATE AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OF UKRAINE NUMBER 2020-01 DATED 08.01.2020 UKRAINIAN AIR OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED TO PERFORM FLIGHTS WITHIN AIRSPACE OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN AND REPUBLIC OF IRAQ.

14 JAN 09:00 2020 UNTIL 09 APR 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 14 JAN 09:03 2020
Source: Germany
Reference: Notam B0028/20
Issued: 13-Jan-20, valid until: 31 Jan 2020
Plain English: Exercise caution in the Tehran FIR
EDWW/BREMEN B0028/20 13JAN 1537Z

(NOTAMR B0023/20) - SECURITY - IRAN - POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR TEHRAN
(OIIX).
POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR TEHRAN (OIIX) FROM ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY.
CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.
EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
13 JAN 15:37 2020 UNTIL 31 JAN 23:59 2020.
Source: Canada
Reference: Notam H0047/20
Issued: 11-Jan-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Canadian operators advised not to enter the airspace of Iran
CZQX/GANDER H0047/20 11JAN 0221Z (NOTAMR H0046/20) - AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE VOLATILE SECURITY SITUATION IN IRAN. POTENTIAL RISK FROM HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITY AND DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY IN IRAN. AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED NOT TO ENTER THE AIRSPACE OF IRAN, INCLUDING THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX. 11 JAN 02:21 2020 UNTIL PERM.
Source: USA
Issued: 08-Jan-20, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: US operators are prohibited from overflying Iran
KICZ A0002/20

SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABLITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX) DUE TO HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, WHICH PRESENT AN INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION OR MIS-IDENTIFICATION.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.

C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.
THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C).

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTP://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC – UNL, 08 JAN 00:10 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 08 JAN 00:07 2020
Source: Italy
Issued: 22-Jun-19, valid until: 19 Sep 2019
Plain English: Unsafe situation in Persian Gulf
A4578/19 (Issued for LIBB LIMM LIRR)
AIRCRAFT OPERATORS WHEN PLANNING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN, OVER THE PERSIAN GULF, THE GULF OF OMAN AND IRANIAN AIRSPACE/FIR THERAN (OIIX), SHALL TAKE INTO SERIOUS CONSIDERATION THE UNSAFE RISKY SITUATION POSED TO AIR OPERATIONS BY ONGOING IRANIAN POLITICAL TENSIONS AND UNANNOUNCED HIGH INTENSITY MILITARY ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED TO MISSILE LAUNCHES RMK: LATEST OPERATIONAL INFORMATION ON AIRSPACE CLOSURES AND WARNINGS ARE AVAILABLE THROUGH NETWORK MANAGER WEBSITE 'NOP PORTAL' (PROTECTED VERSION REQUIRED PASSWORD).
22 JUN 21:32 2019 UNTIL 19 SEP 23:59 2019 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 22 JUN 21:33 2019
Source: India
Issued: 22-Jun-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Indian aircraft operators required to avoid 'affected' part of Iranian airspace.
From DGCA India: All Indian operators in consultation with DGCA have decided to avoid the affected part of Iranian Airspace to ensure safe travel for the passengers. They will re-route flights suitably.
Source: UAE
Issued: 21-Jun-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Risk to UAE Operators over Gulf, required to conduct risk assessment for overwater area of Tehran FIR.
Due to recent heightened military activities and increased tensions above certain areas of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The UAE GCAA have been closely monitoring and assessing the situation in the regions to determine possible impact on the safe Air Operation. And since there may be an unintentional risk to UAE Operators operating in specific areas over the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in Tehran FIR, this Safety Decision was issued for the interest of safety of Civil Aviation.



REQUIREMENTS: With immediate effect, All UAE Air Operators are required to conduct risk assessments in accordance with their GCAA approved procedures on the operation in the overwater area of Tehran (OIIX) Flight Information Region over the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. The risk assessments shall take in to account the available information concerning the operation in to the subject areas and the dynamic nature of the situation to determine the necessary measures and mitigations which must be taken Into consideration prior to and during operating in the areas referenced in this Safety Decision.



All UAE Air Operators shall continuously monitor and assess the situation and shall immediately report to GCAA any anomalies or unsafe conditions related to this Safety Decision. The UAE GCAA will keep monitoring the situation and issue further instruction if required.
Source: USA
Issued: 21-Jun-19, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: FAA concerned about the escalation of tension and military activity within close proximity to high volume civil air routes.
Although the exact location of the attack is not yet available, there were numerous civil aviation aircraft operating in the area at the time of the intercept. According to flight tracking applications, the nearest civil aircraft was operating within approximately 45nm of the Global Hawk when it was targeted by the Iranian SAM. FAA remains concerned about the escalation of tension and military activity within close proximity to high volume civil air routes and the Iran’s willingness to use long-range SAMs in international airspace with little to no warning. As a result, there is concern about the potential for misidentification or miscalculation which could result in the inadvertent targeting of civil aviation.
Source: USA
Issued: 09-Sep-18, valid until: 09 Sep 2019
Plain English: Exercise caution when operating in the OIIX FIR.
FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation in the Tehran Flight Information Region (FIR) (OIIX).

Due to concerns about deconfliction between military activities and civil flight operations, there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation operating in the Tehran Flight Information Region (FIR) (OIIX). For this reason, on 9 September 2018, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0016/18, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the Tehran FIR (OIIX). The NOTAM also advised U.S. civil operators and airmen operating in or adjacent to the Tehran FIR (OIIX) to carefully review current NOTAMs and other sources of aeronautical information and be familiar with current conditions in the Middle East.

There are a wide array of military activities occurring within, emanating from, or transiting the Tehran FIR (OIIX) that present potential deconfliction concerns for U.S. civil aviation.

Additionally, there is concern for heightened Iranian air defense sensitivity and exercises as a result of regional instability and/or political tensions. Heightened Iranian air defense sensitivity may create an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation operating in the Tehran FIR (OIIX). For example, a U.S. civil operator experienced a fighter intercept in the Tehran FIR (OIIX) in December 2017.

There are also military activities emanating from or transiting through the Tehran FIR (OIIX) that are associated with the conflict in Syria. These activities include, but are not limited to, Russian air-launched cruise missile attacks launched from over Iran toward targets in Syria and Russian maritime-launched land-attack cruise missiles fired from the Caspian Sea - four of which inadvertently impacted the ground in Iran while en-route to targets in Syria in October 2015. There is the potential for Iranian surface-to-surface missile fire from western Iran, targeting Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) positions located in the region (such as occurred in June 2017). Iran has also conducted multiple missile test launches in the Tehran FIR (OIIX). These activities present a military-civil deconfliction challenge in the region. Additionally, there is an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation operations in the Tehran FIR (OIIX) from Iranian-fielded GPS jammers.

U.S. civil aviation operating in the Tehran FIR (OIIX) should closely follow civil and military air traffic control instructions, particularly during weather or mechanical diversions from published air routes. Security conditions could change rapidly, so operators are reminded to review applicable NOTAMs and other sources of aeronautical information, such as aeronautical information publications and circulars, on an ongoing basis.