Ukraine Warnings – Sources
FSB Risk Level: Two – Assessed Risk
There are two risk issues in Ukraine. First: arms fire. Including MH17, multiple aircraft (the others all military) have been shot down since the beginning of the Donbass region war in 2014. The 10th ceasefire was declared in December 2016, but not holding. This risk is contained within the Dnipropetrovsk FIR – UKDV.
The second issue affects the Simferopol FIR which is Disputed Airspace. (Ukraine:UKFV, Russia:URFV). In March 2014, Russia annexed Crimea. The ATC Center is in Simferopol, Crimea, and is now run by Krymaeronavigatsiya. Russia claims the airspace. Ukraine refuses to recognise the change, and asks crews to talk to Ukrainian controllers in Dnipro/Odesa ACC instead of Simferopol ACC. Four routes are approved by EASA through the high seas portion of the airspace.
Reference: KICZ Notam A0021/16
Issued: Oct 27th, 2016, valid until: Oct 26th, 2018
Plain English: US Operators prohibited from entering Simferopol and Dnipro FIRs
A0021/16 NOTAMN Q) KICZ/QRDLP/IV/NBO/AE/000/999/ A) KICZ B) 1610271113 C) 1810262359 EST E) SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION FOR UKRAINE SIMFEROPOL (UKFV) AND DNEPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIR) 14 CFR 91.1607 SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) NO. 113-EXTENSION OF THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE SIMFEROPOL (UKFV) AND DNIPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIRS) WAS PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER ON OCTOBER 27, 2016 AND WAS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY. SFAR NO. 113, AS AMENDED, EXTENDS THE PROHIBITION ON U.S. CIVIL FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE SIMFEROPOL (UKFV) AND DNEPROPETROVSK (UKDV) FIRS UNTIL OCTOBER 27, 2018. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/ F) SFC G) UNL
Reference: AIP ENR 1.1
Issued: Dec 8th, 2016, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Do not enter UKDV/Dinpro or UKFV/Simferopol FIRs
Potential risk to aviation overflying eastern Ukraine from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry. Operators are strongly advised not to enter the airspace of Dnipropetrovsk (UKDV) AND Simferopol (UKFV) FIRs.
Service Provision: As a result of the unrest within the territory and airspace of Ukraine, there remains the potential for confusion over service provision in the Simferopol (UKFV), in particular over the High Seas portion of the airspace. Capacity may also be impacted in this area while all remaining Ukrainian FIRS appear to be operating normally.
Reference: AIC 20/16
Issued: Aug 18th, 2016, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Avoid Simferopol and Dnipro FIRs, except for four airways specifically excluded: M854, M856, M860, and L851.
From 07/01/2016 and until further notice, French carriers are requested not to authorize their aircraft to penetrate into UKDV (DNIPROPETROVS’K) and UKFV (SIMFEROPOL) FIRs, except for routes segments M860 KUGOS - DIGAM, L851 KUGOS - ADINA, M854 SUMOL - RASIL, M856 RAKUR - DIGAM, which are available for flight planning according to conditions published in Ukraine aeronautical information, and for which it is advisable to refer to the most current recommendations published by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).
Reference: Notam UKFV A2530/16
Issued: Oct 10, 2016, valid until: Ongoing
Plain English: Ukraine asks aircraft within Dnipro, Odesa, and Simferopol FIRs to only speak to Ukrainian ATC – callsigns Dnipro Radar and Odesa Radar. (Comment: for Simferopol, Russia says only talk to Russian ATC – hence the problem)
A2530/16 NOTAMR A1776/15 Q) UKXX/QAFXX/IV/NBO/E /000/999/4632N03448E288 A) UKDV UKFV UKOV B) 1610101047 C) PERM E) ALL FLIGHTS FLYING WITHIN SIMFEROPOL' FIR AND UTA DNIPROPETROVS'K-SOUTH AND UTA ODESA-SOUTH SHALL ONLY COMPLY WITH INSTRUCTIONS ISSUED BY DNIPROPETROVS'K ACC CALL SIGN DNIPRO RADAR OR ODESA ACC CALL SIGN ODESA RADAR. AIR CREWS SHALL NOT ACCEPT ATC CLEARANCES AND INSTRUCTIONS FROM ANY OTHER STATIONS WHILE FLYING WITHIN SIMFEROPOL' FIR AND UTA DNIPROPETROVS'K-SOUTH AND UTA ODESA-SOUTH. IN ADDITION ALL AIR CREWS SHALL RELAY TO/INFORM DNIPROPETROVS'K AND ODESA ACC WITH RESPECT TO ANY CONTRADICTING INSTRUCTION THAT THEY MIGHT HAVE RECEIVED FROM ANY OTHER STATIONS FOR THE SAME AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY. REF AIC A 02/15.
Reference: Notam URFV A5223/16
Issued: Nov 3, 2016, valid until: Feb 1st, 2017
Plain English: Russia declares itself as the valid source of information for Simferopol FIR.
A5223/16 NOTAMR A3621/16 Q) URFV/QAFXX/IV/NBO/E/000/999/4451N03354E250 A) URFV B) 1611030910 C) 1702012359 EST E) ALL NOTAM ISSUED BY UKRAINE IN ALL SERIES CONCERNING SIMFEROPOL FIR, AERODROMES AND RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS LOCATED ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA ARE NOT VALID. ATS WITHIN SIMFEROPOL FIR BOUNDARIES PROVIDED IN ACCORDANCE WITH AIP RUSSIA. ALL RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS ARE AVBL AND PROVIDE ATS WITHIN SIMFEROPOL FIR BOUNDARIES AND AT SIMFEROPOL AD.
Reference: Member Reports
Issued: April, 2014, valid until: Ongoing
Comment: These crew reports indicate the type of situation created by the conflict over Simferopol ACC. These are from the first weeks after Russia took over the ATC Center.
B747 enroute Europe-ME:
“Instruction from Bucharest ACC to contact Odessa on 134.675 On initial contact with them, they advised us to comply only to their instructions! Then Simferopol ACC calls on 121.5 and advised to switch on 120.4. Also they advised us to comply only to their instructions! Both performed radio check to see if the aircraft is still on frequencies Both provide instructions (position report), fortunately the same.”
CL601 enroute LOWW/Vienna-URKK/Krasnodar:
We were passed onto Odessa Radar and checked in with them. We were then told to maintain our altitude and also warned NOT to get in contact with Simferopol as it is not a legal ATC station. We were also given another frequency in case we lost comms with Odessa. We were contacted on 121.5, the emergency frequency by Simferopol advising us to contact them on their frequency numerous times. We decided as a crew to stay with Odessa. We were then passed onto Rostov control and continued the flight with no incident.