In assessing risk to flight over each countries borders, two scenarios are predominant for civil flight:
1. Risk of shootdown, inadvertent or intentional.
2. Aircraft emergency requiring a landing, thereby entering a local situation.
Both these elements are taken into consideration in determining a classification. The highest level of risk here is “Moderate”, on the basis that calling it “high” or “severe” would exaggerate the actual level or risk in landing or overflying the territories concerned.
Three levels of airspace risk are used in our assessment. This level is stated at the top of each country page in the format FSB Risk Level: One, Two or Three, with One being the highest.
LEVEL 1. Red on Map Moderate risk – No Fly
LEVEL 2. Orange on Map Assessed risk – Danger exists
LEVEL 3. Yellow on Map Caution – Information Only
SafeAirspace is managed by Flight Service Bureau, with contributions from The Airline Cooperative (225 international airlines), OpsGroup (1500 members), International Ops Bulletin feedback (40,000 readers), and data from the German BMVI, the UK DFT, the FAA, DGAC France, ICAO, and EASA.
Read more about our mission.
The four countries that issue the most useful updates for unsafe airspace are:
• The United States (FAA) – through Notams and SFARs
• UK (Department for Transport) – AIP
• Germany (BMVI) – Notam
• France (DGAC) – AIC
Operators should note that in general, the Civil Aviation Authorities of the countries whose airspace is determined to be unsafe are unlikely to issue reliable guidance.
In addition, we rely on these sources for risks specific to aviation:
- Flight Service Bureau direct monitoring of AIS and AFTN traffic
- Member reports from OPSGROUP
- Member reports from The Airline Cooperative
- International Bulletin feedback to Flight Service Bureau
- Direct reporting to SafeAirspace.net (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Conflict zone databases at ICAO and EASA.
For background, we also monitor:
- Diplomatic Consul travel advice from Canada, the UK, the US, and Australia
- Industry websites: Aviation Safety Network, Aviation Herald, PPRuNe.
- Media websites
The collaborative effort is our focus. We’re still a team of humans, and we miss stuff. If you see something missing here, please tell us! All submissions are anonymous, and our only concern is for the safety of all airspace users – the crew and the passengers. We appreciate your help.
We aim to provide straightforward operator guidance to help you determine whether to avoid specific airspace. Exclusion from this advice, naturally, does not mean that other airspace is risk free.
We rely on your input. If you have information to add, please email email@example.com. You can also use this address to discuss any content here.